North American Scholar

AGARD, Walter Raymond

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1894-01-16
  • Born City: Rockville
  • Born State/Country: CT
  • Parents: Isaac Merritt & Ida Gerana Chaffee A.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1978-07-12
  • Death City: Madison
  • Death State/Country: WI
  • Married: Elizabeth Marshall Maltby, 14 Aug. 1923.
  • Education:

    B.A. Amherst, 1915; L.H.D., 1955; study at the Sorbonne, ASCSA, Johns Hopkins; B. Litt. Oxford, 1922; L.T.D. Cornell, 1948; L.H.D. Colby Coll., 1959.

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. Gk. Amherst, 1916-7, 1919-23; prof, class. & fine arts & dean St. John's Coll. (Annapolis, MD), 1923-7; prof, class. U. Wisconsin, 1927-54; chair class, dept. 1937-54; pres. CAMWS, 1944-5; pres. ACL, 1947-53; board, ACLS, 1951-3; res. prof. ASCSA, 1964-5. Died 12 July 1978, Madison, WI.

  • Publications:

    "The Athenian Treasury at Delphi," AJA (1923) 174-84, 322-33; "Aristide Maillol," Dial (1923) 365-69; The Glory that Was Greece (Pittsburgh, 1930); The Greek Tradition in Sculpture (Baltimore, 1930); The New Architectural Sculpture (New York, 1935); Medical Greek and Latin at a Glance (Ann Arbor, 1935; 3d ed., New York, 1955); "Apollo Polymorphous," CJ 21 (1935) 99-107; Modern Sculpture (Washington, DC, 1940); What Democracy Meant to the Greeks (Madison, WI, 1940; repr. 1960); Classical Gods and Heroes (Ann Arbor, 1946); The Humanities for Our Time (Lawrence, KS, 1949); Classical Myths in Sculpture (Madison, WI, 1951); "Greek Culture: An Essay," in Classics in Translation 1:3-12; "Medea of Euripides," ibid., 4-91; "Selections from Epictetus," ibid., 407-11; "Classical Scholarship," in American Scholarship in the Twentieth Century, ed. M. Curti (Cambridge, 1953) 146-67; "What is 'Classical' Sculpture?," C7 49 (1953-4) 341-9; "The Aegina Heracles," Studies Robinson 1:537-40; The Greek Mind (Princeton, 1957); numerous articles on Greek art and literature.

  • Notes:

    Walter Agard spent his career searching classical traditions for lessons applicable to the questions of the twentieth century. From his study of the transmission of the classical heritage from age to age, Agard perceived universal principles in the ancient virtues of self-control, avoidance of arrogant pride, and saving common sense. His efforts to develop the Experimental College at the University of Wisconsin under Alexander Meiklejohn, and later the Integrated Liberal Studies program, demonstrated his belief that the university and the world were a single community, that we are all "citizens of the world," and thus that the classics had to be a part of a correct and useful education. He was also a scholar and aficionado of ancient art, especially sculpture.

  • Sources:

    "Great Teachers," Life (16 Oct. 1950) 113; S. Lowe, ed., Walter R. Agard: An Oral History (University of Wisconsin Archives, 1976).

  • Author: Ronald J. Weber