All Scholars

CANTER, Howard Vernon

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  • Date of Birth: May 08, 1873
  • Born City: Winchester
  • Born State/Country: VA
  • Parents: ames Hiram & Sarah Ann Wise C.
  • Date of Death: March 12, 1942
  • Death City: Baltimore
  • Death State/Country: MD
  • Married: Edna Hopkins Maloy, 2 Sept 1905
  • Education:

    AB Washington & Lee U, 1896; PhD Johns Hopkins, 1904

  • Dissertation:

    “The Infinitive Construction in Livy” (Johns Hopkins, 1904); printed (Columbia, MO, 1906)

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr Lat & Gk Notre Dame Coll Maryland, 1902-5; asst prof U Missouri, 1905-9; asso to prof, class U Illinois, 1909-41; asst dean coll liberal arts & sci, 1915-26

  • Publications:

    “The Venerable Bede and the Colosseum,” TAPA 61 (1930) 150-64; The Jugurthine War of C Sallustius Crispus (Boston, 1912); The Defeat of Varus and the German Frontier Policy of Augustus, with W A Oldfather (Urbana, 1915) “Rhetorical Elements in Livy's Direct Speeches,” AJP 38 (1917) 125-51, 39 (1918) 44-64; Index Verborum quae in Senecae fabulis necnon in Octavia praetexta reperiuntur, with W A Oldfather & A S Pease (Urbana, 1918); Rhetorical Elements in the Tragedies of Seneca (Urbana, 1925); “The Paraclausithyron as a Literary Theme,” AJP 41 (1920) 355-68; “The Character of Hannibal,” CJ 24 (1928-9) 564-77; “Excursus in Greek and Roman Historians,” PhilQ 8 (1929) 233-47; “The Figure Ἀδύνατον in Greek and Latin Poetry,” AJP 51 (1930) 32-41; “Digressio in the Orations of Cicero,” AJP 52 (1931) 351-61; “The Mythological Paradigm in Greek and Latin Poetry,” AJP 54 (1933) 201-24; Index Apuleianus, with W A Oldfather & B E Perry (Middletown, CT, 1934); “Irony in the Orations of Cicero,” AJP 57 (1936) 457-64; “Ill Will of the Gods in Greek and Latin Poetry,” CP 32 (1937) 131-43; Index Verborum Ciceronis Epistularum, with W A Oldfather & K M Abbott (Urbana, 1938)

  • Notes:

    Canter left school at age 12 and worked as a clerk in a store until he was 19. After six months at Shenandoah Valley Academy in Winchester and a summer's private study, he then entered Washington & Lee, where he excelled academically. He also taught during most of his undergraduate and graduate years, and later remarked, “Whatever claim I may have to a later achievement, nothing seems to me more noteworthy than my earlier struggles.” He came to the U. of I. in the same year as W. A. Oldfather, with whom he collaborated on various indices verborum. In addition, he devoted considerable effort and attention to pedagogy; Oldfather called him a “brilliant success as a teacher.”In 1918-9, Canter was on leave from the university and held the rank of Captain in the 7th Italian Army, serving as Regional Director of YMCA activities in Bologna, Milan, Brescia and Palermo; he was subsequently awarded a gold service medal by the Italian government. Throughout his life he remained a devoted traveler, visiting all 48 states, nearly every national park, and every country in Europe except Russia, and making a trip around the world in 1929-30. In his commemorative resolution in the university Senate, Oldfather said that Canter was an immensely pleasant man, and summed up the impression he left as “zestful scholarship,” corrected by hand from “cheerful scholarship.” His book on rhetorical devices in Seneca remains a basic research tool.

  • Sources:

    Illinois Alumni News 20,9 (1 Apr 1942) 3; W A Oldfather, CJ 37 (1941-2) 557-8 (abridgement of Oldfather's university Senate resolution, 6 Apr 1942); WhAm 5:113; U of Illinois Archives

  • Author: S. Douglas Olson