North American Scholar

CARTER, Jesse Benedict

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1872-06-16
  • Born City: New York
  • Born State/Country: NY
  • Parents: Peter & Mary Louise C.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1917-07-20
  • Death City: Cervignano
  • Death State/Country: Italy
  • Married: Kate Benedict Freeman, 22 Jan. 1902.
  • Education:

    NYU, 1889-90; A.B. Princeton, 1893; study at Leipzig, 1893-4; Berlin & Göttingen, 1894-5; Ph.D. Halle, 1898; L.H.D. Princeton, 1913.

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. Lat., Princeton, 1895-97; asst. prof, to prof. Lat. 1898-1907; ann. prof., ASCSR, 1904-7; director, 1907-12; director, AAR, 1913-7.

  • Dissertation:

    “De Deorum Romanorum cognominibus quaestiones selectae” (Halle, 1898); printed (Leipzig, 1898).

  • Publications:

    Selections from the Roman Elegiac Poets, Gildersleeve-Lodge Series (New York, 1900); Epitheta deorum quae apud poetas Latinos leguntur suppl. to Roscher's Lexikon (Leipzig, 1902); Publi Vergilii Maronis Aeneidos Libri VI (New York, 1906); The Religion of Numa (London & New York, 1906); The Religious Life of Ancient Rome (Boston & New York, 1911); translation of C. F. Huelsen, The Roman Forum: Its History and Monuments (Rome & New York, 1906).

  • Notes:

    Jesse Benedict Carter, director of the American Academy in Rome after its consolidation with the ASCSR, was a man of broad humanistic range, who had a gift for understanding and explaining the unity of arts and letters. His principal scholarly interest was Roman religion, beginning with his Halle dissertation under Carl Robert. He became Robert's assistant, unusual though it was for an American to be made assistant to a German professor. His interest in religion continued through his collaboration on Roscher's Ausführliches Lexikon der griechischen und römischen Mythologie and his chief books. He gave the Lowell lectures in Boston and lectured on “The Growth of Humanism in the United States” at the Sorbonne in 1916. For his aid in Italian relief projects during World War I he was given the rank of Commendatore della Corona d'ltalia by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1917.

  • Sources:

    CP 13 (1918) 91; DAB 2:359; NatCAB 23:200; NYTimes (6 Aug. 1917) 9; L. & A. Valentine, The American Academy in Rome 1894-1969 (Charlottesville, VA, 1973): 66-75

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.