North American Scholar

CROSBY, Howard

  • Image
  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1826-02-27
  • Born City: New York
  • Born State/Country: NY
  • Parents: William Bedlow, a farmer, & Harriet Ashton C.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1891-03-29
  • Death City: New York
  • Death State/Country: NY
  • Married: Margaret E. Givan.
  • Education:

    U. City of New York, 1844; D.D. Harvard, 1859; LL.D. Columbia, 1871.

  • Professional Experience:

    Prof. Gk. U. City of New York, 1851-9; prof. Gk. Rutgers, 1859; ordained minister (Presbyt.), 1861; minister Fourth Avenue Presbyt. Ch., 1863; chancellor U. City of New York, 1870-81; pres. APA, 1870-1; mem. New Testament Revision Committee, 1872-80; moderator Presbyt. General Assembly, 1873; founder Society for Prevention of Crime.

  • Publications:

    The Lands of the Moslem: A Narrative of Oriental Travel by El-Mukattem (translated) (New York, 1851); Scholia on the New Testament (New York, 1867); The Christian Preacher (New York, 1880); Social Hints for Young Christians (New York, 1866); A Bible Companion (New York, 1870); Jesus, His Life and Work (New York and Baltimore, 1871); The Healthy Christian (New York, 1871); Thoughts on the Decalogue (Philadelphia, 1873); Expository Notes on the Book of Joshua (New York, 1874); The Book of Commentary on Nehemiah (New York, 1877); Commentary on the New Testament (New York, 1884); Conformity to the World (Philadelphia, 1891); The Christian Preacher, Yale Lectures 1879-80 (New York, 1897).

  • Notes:

    Howard Crosby, second president of the APA, embodied the traditions of scholarship and public service that characterized so many of the leading members of the profession in the 19th century. He was born to an old and wealthy family: his great-grandfather signed the Declaration of Independence, his grandfather was a trustee of Columbia College (now University), and an uncle, Col. Henry Rutgers, a regent of the University of New York, gave his name to Rutgers University. Having studied Greek at the age of 6, Crosby entered college at 14. He was ill for a time after graduation and worked a farm owned by his father, but later married and traveled. As a professor he regularly taught classes in the Bible. He organized the New York YMCA and, though he rejected prohibition, was active in the temperance movement. In 1861, President Lincoln offered him the post of Minister to Greece, but he declined in order to pursue his academic goals.

  • Sources:

    DAB 2:567-68; NYTimes (30 Mar. 1891); E. G. Sihler, Universities and their Sons: New York University, ed. J. L. Chamberlain (New York, 1901).

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.