North American Scholar

FAIRCLOUGH, Henry Rushton

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1862-07-15
  • Born City: Barrie
  • Born State/Country: ON
  • Parents: James & Elizabeth Erving F.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1938-02-12
  • Death City: Palo Alto
  • Death State/Country: CA
  • Married: Frederica Blanche Allen, 29 Aug. 1888; Mary Charlotte Holly, 24 Sept. 1930.
  • Education:

    A.B. U. Toronto, 1883; A.M., 1886; LL.D., 1922; Ph.D. Johns Hopkins, 1896; LL.D. U. British Columbia, 1938.

  • Professional Experience:

    Fell, class. Univ. Coll., Toronto, 1883-4; class. & Eng. master, Brockville HS, 1884-5; lctr. Gk. & anc. hist. Univ. Coll., Toronto, 1887-93; assoc. prof. Gk. & Lat. Stanford, 1893-7; prof, class, lit., 1897-1902, 1922-7; prof. Lat.,'1902-22; prof. & actng. dir. ASCSR, 1910-1; vis. prof. Lat. & Gk. Harvard, 1925-6; Amherst, 1927-9; pres. APA, 1925-6.

  • Dissertation:

    “The Attitude of the Greek Tragedians toward Nature” (Johns Hopkins, 1896); printed (Toronto, 1897).

  • Publications:

    “Tyrtaeus, Archilochus and their Successors in Greek Lyric” in Library of the World's Best Literature ed. Charles Dudley Warner (New York, 1897) 26:15161-15184; P. Terenti Afri Andria (Boston, 1901); “The Connection between Music and Poetry in Early Greek Literature,” Studies Gildersleeve, 205-27; The Antigone of Sophocles, trans, with A. T. Murray (San Francisco, 1902); “The Helen Episode in Vergil's Aeneid ii.559-623,” CP 1 (1906) 221-30; Vergil's Aeneid I-VI, ed. with Seldon L. Brown (Boston & New York, 1908); The Phormio of Terence, trans, with Leon J. Richardson (Boston, 1909); The Trinummus of Plautus (New York, 1909); “Horace's View of the Relations between Satire and Comedy,” AJP 34 (1913) 183-93; “The Tinus in Virgil's Flora,” CP 10 (1915) 405-10; Virgil, LCL, 2 vols. (New York & London, 1916-18); Horace's Satires Epistles and Ars Poetica LCL (New York & London, 1926); “The Classics and Our Twentieth-Century Poets” (APA presidential address) (Stanford, 1927); Love of Nature among the Greeks and Romans (New York, 1927); “The Influence of Virgil upon the Forms of English Verse,” C7 26 (1930-1) 74-94; “Virgil's Knowledge of Greek,” CP 25 (1930) 37-46; Some Aspects of Horace (San Francisco, 1935).

  • Notes:

    H. R. Fairclough was one of the leading American translators of the early part of the 20th century and was considered the leading Virgilian critic of his generation. Trained under Gildersleeve, he refined his literary taste and skill to produce elegant translations, including the Loeb editions of Virgil and Horace's Satires and Epistles, as well as plays and poems, often produced in small fine editions. His other published work shows a breadth of literary range that made him a popular and effective teacher. For his work with relief programs in Greece following World War I, he was decorated by the Greek government.

  • Sources:

    Fairclough, Warming Both Hands (Stanford & London, 1941); NatCAB 28:413-4; NYTimes (13 Feb. 1938) 2:6; John F. Ohles, BDAE 446-1; WhAm 1:382.

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.