North American Scholar

GRUBE, George Maximilian Antony

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1899-08-03
  • Born City: Antwerp
  • Born State/Country: Belgium
  • Parents: Antoine & Marie G., both schoolteachers
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1982-12-13
  • Death City: Toronto
  • Death State/Country: ON
  • Married: Gwenyth Deen Macintosh, 7 Aug. 1924.
  • Education:

    B.A. Emmanuel Coll., Cambridge, 1922; M.A., 1925; LL.D. U. Victoria, 1973.

  • Professional Experience:

    Asst. master, Sutton Valence School, Kent, Eng., 1922-23; Teacher, Highgate School, London, 1923; asst. lctr. to lctr. class., U. College of Wales, Swansea, 1923-8; prof, class. Trinity College (Canada), 1928-69; head class, dept., 1931-70; head of grad. dept. class. U. Toronto, 1951-66; fell. RSC, 1951-82; Walter Ames vis. prof, class, langs. U. Washington, 1953; Guggenheim fell., 1959-60; Goodwin award, 1967; Semple lctr. U. Cincinnati, 1967; vis. prof. U. North Carolina, 1968.

  • Publications:

    “On the Authenticity of the Hippias Major,” CQ 20 (1926) 134-48; “Plato's Theory of Beauty,” Monist 37 (1927) 269-88; “The Structural Unity of the Protagoras,” CQ 27 (1933) 203-7; Plato's Thought (London, 1935; repr. Boston, 1958; London 1970, 1980; Span, trans., Madrid, 1973); “Dionysus in the Bacchae,” TAPA 66 (1935) 37-54; The Drama of Euripides (London, 1941; repr. London & New York, 1961); “Dionysius of Halicarnassus on Thucydides,” Phoenix 4 (1950) 95-110; “Antisthenes Was No Logician,” TAPA 81 (1950) 16-27; “Thrasymachus, Theophrastus, and Dionysius of Halicarnassus,” AJP 73 (1952) 251-67; “The Gods of Homer,” Phoenix 5 (1951) 62-78 = Studies Norwood, 3-19; “Theophrastus as a Literary Critic,” TAPA 83 (1952) 172-83; Longinus on Great Writing (New York, 1957); Aristotle on Poetry and Style (New York, 1958); “Theodorus of Gadara,” AJP 80 (1959) 337-65; A Greek Critic: Demetrius on Style (Toronto, 1961); “Educational, Rhetorical and Literary Theory in Cicero,” Phoenix 16 (1962) 234-57; The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius (trans.) (Indianapolis, 1963); “The Date of Demetrius On Style,” Phoenix 18 (1964) 294-302; The Greek and Roman Critics (Toronto, 1965; London, 1968); How Did the Greeks Look at Literature? (Cincinnati, 1967); “Zeus in Aeschylus,” AJP 91 (1970) 43-51; Plato's Republic (trans.) (Indianapolis, 1974); “Greek Historians and Greek Critics,” Phoenix 28 (1974) 73-80; Plato's Meno (trans.) (Indianapolis, 1977); Plato's Phaedo (trans.) (Indianapolis, 1977).Festschrift: Studies Presented to G.M.A. Grube on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday (= Phoenix 23.1) (Toronto, 1969).

  • Notes:

    G. M. A. Grube's scholarly reputation rests on his three studies of Plato, Euripides, and the Greek and Roman critics which, though deeply rooted in and thoroughly familiar with Continental and English-speaking scholarship, also appeal, by their clear exposition and attractive style, to a wider audience; and on his numerous well-researched but lively translations of “Longinus,” Aristotle's Poetics, Marcus Aurelius' Meditations, and, in his later years, the Socratic dialogues of Plato. Besides these, he left an impressive body of articles on topics in Greek philosophy, drama, and literary criticism. He set a high premium on integrity both in his personal dealings and in his professional and political activities, and his life thereby provided an exemplum of how to live according to one's principles. He was a prolific and in many ways a profound scholar; certainly in the field of Canadian Hellenists of his generation he was acknowledged to have no peer.Besides his distinguished academic career, Grube was always interested in politics. At Cambridge he espoused Fabianism, and upon emigrating to Canada, he began to take an active interest in Canadian socialism. He joined the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (which later became the New Democratic Party) in 1934, two years after the party was founded, and served as editor of the Canadian Forum from 1937 to 1941. In the late 1930s he became embroiled in a bitter public debate over Canada's place in the coming world war. Threats of dismissal were raised because he had publicly espoused unpopular views, but his college courageously protected him from hostility both within the university and outside it. Grube declined to consider a position at Berkeley to replace Ludwig Edelstein, who had resigned rather than sign a loyalty oath. Though he was also courted by Milton Eisenhower, president of Johns Hopkins, Grube remained loyal to Trinity. He ran as the CCF candidate for Parliament from Toronto-Broadview several times in the 1940s, but was not elected. His political career was capped in 1961, when he was called to serve as co-chair of the founding convention of the New Democratic Party.

  • Sources:

    D. J. Conacher, “Memoir,” PTRSC 21 (1983) 93-4.

  • Author: Anthony J. Podlecki