North American Scholar

GUDEMAN, Alfred

  • Image
  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1862-08-26
  • Born City: Atlanta
  • Born State/Country: GA
  • Parents: Moritz Theodore & Clara Alexander G.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1942-09-09
  • Death City: Theresienstadt (Terezin)
  • Death State/Country: Czechoslovakia
  • Married: Julia Oelsner, 6 Sept. 1900.
  • Education:

    B.A. Columbia, 1883, Ph.D. Berlin, 1888.

  • Professional Experience:

    Lctr. Johns Hopkins, 1890-3; assoc. prof. Gk. & Lat. U. Pennsylvania, 1893-1901; actng. prof. Gk. & Lat. Cornell, 1902-4; assoc. ed. Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, 1904-16.

  • Dissertation:

    “De Heroidum Ovidii codice Planudeo quae supersunt” (Berlin, 1888).

  • Publications:

    Syllabus on the History of Classical Philology (Boston, 1892), later revised as Outlines of the History of Classical Philology (Boston, 1894; 3d ed., 1897), Germ, version, Grundriss der Geschichte der klass. Philologie (Leipzig & Berlin, 1907; 2d ed., enlarged, 1909);Tacitus. Dialogus de Oratoribus (Boston, 1894; 2d ed., enlarged, in German, Leipzig, 1914); articles contributed to Johnson's Universal Cyclopedia, ed. C. K. Adams (New York, 1893-7); “Literary Frauds among the Greeks,” Studies Drisler, 52-1 A; Latin Literature of the Empire, vol. I Prose; vol. II Poetry (New York & London, 1898-9); Tacitus. Dialogus, (Boston, 1898); Tacitus. Agricola (Boston, 1899); Tacitus. Agricola and Germania (Boston, 1900), all three schooltexts reissued, Leipzig, 1902; The Sources of Plutarch's Life of Cicero (Philadelphia, 1902); C. Sallusti Crispi Bellum Catilinae (New York, 1904); Imagines Philologorum (Leipzig & Berlin, 1911; 2d ed. prepared but never published); “Two Textual Problems in the Dialogus of Tacitus,” CP 7 (1912) 412-9; Tacitus. Germania (Germ, ed., Berlin, 1916); articles on Greek grammarians in RE vol. VII, ff.; articles in TIL; biographies of classical scholars in Brockhaus' Konversationslexikon (11th ed.); Aristoteles über die Dichtkunst (trans.) (Leipzig, 1921); Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur I, II, III (Berlin, 1922-4); Geschichte der altchristlichen lateinischen literatur vom 2-6 jahrhundert (Berlin & Leipzig, 1925); A Bibliography of the Poetics of Aristotle, with Lane Cooper (New Haven & London, 1928); “The Sources of Aristotle's Poetics,” in Studies Rolfe, 75-100; J. Tkatsch, Die arabische Obersetzung der Poetik des Aristoteles, II, ed. with T. Seif (Vienna, 1932); Aristoteles Περὶ ποιητικῆς (Leipzig & Berlin, 1934); “Die Textüberlieferung der aristotelischen Poetik,” Philologus 90 (n.s. 44) (1935) 26-56, 156-75, 441-60.

  • Notes:

    Gudeman's 1894 edition of Tacitus' Dialogus opened the modern discussion of that text. His other major contributions were a recension of Aristotle's Poetics, controversial because it relied heavily on the Arabic translation, and work in the history of classical philology, an interest that he pursued all his life. Also interesting is his personal experience that was almost an inversion of the usual German-American currents of influence in classics. His German degree did not serve him well in the United States, where he never held a permanent academic appointment, almost certainly because of anti-Semitism. From a family with strong connections to Germany, he then turned to that country, although as an American citizen he was ineligible for a university appointment. He did become a German citizen during World War I at precisely the time when American academicians turned against their German tutors. He continued to work on Aristotle's Poetics and his own Imagines Philologorum for the rest of his time in Munich and Berlin. Gudeman became a victim of anti-Semitism a second time when he died in a concentration camp during World War II.

  • Sources:

    D. W. Hurley, “Alfred Gudeman (Atlanta, Georgia, 1862-Theresienstadt, 1942),” TAPA 120 (1990) 355-81; idem, “Alfred Gudeman in Berlin. 1935-1942,” Latein und Griechisch in Berlin 35 (1991) 121-7; Kürschners Literatur Kalender 1909-22; Kürschner's Deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender 1925-35; WhAm 4:386.

    Image source: University of Pennsylvania Record yearbook, 1898

  • Author: Donna W. Hurley