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Henry M. Hoenigswald was a member of the American Philological Association since 1940, and served on its Committee on Ancient History and on an Ad Hoc Committee on Basic Research Tools. After coming to the United States as a victim of Nazi barbarism in 1939, he held teaching positions at Yale and at the University of Texas and worked for the Foreign Service Institute of the U.S. State Department in Washington. He joined the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania in 1948 and retired in 1985. As a member of the Department of Linguistics as well as Classical Studies, he regularly taught courses in Greek and Latin linguistics, through which he inspired and supervised many dissertations, particularly in metrics. He died peacefully of cancer at the age of 88. Trained in the European traditions prevalent at the Universities of Munich, Zurich, Padua, and Florence, he quickly absorbed what he could learn from the theoretical and synchronic approach that was coming into its own in American linguistics, and effected a marriage between the two, which turned out crucial for the path taken by linguistic studies thereafter. As his friend and colleague, Professor Anna Morpurgo Davies of Oxford University, put it in an obituary in The Independent of London, "his work, which impressively combined the approaches of the old world and the new world, gave a new dignity to historical linguistics.... Hoenigswald's main task became that of stating the principles, while not neglecting the concrete philological work." Prominent among the latter was his pioneering work on Etruscan. Hoenigswald's outstanding and numerous scholarly contributions were internationally recognized. Honors and awards were bestowed upon him by American as well as foreign academies and associations. Less in the public eye was his total dedication to the pursuit and preservation of academic freedom, and of the observance and adherence to civil rights. His integrity is attested by the many difficult arbitration cases over which he was asked to preside at the University of Pennsylvania. He spoke freely and forcefully against the inroads on freedom during the McCarthy period; he was a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union and of Amnesty International; together with his wife Gabi, he was an enthusiastic supporter of the League of Women Voters and the Women's League for Peace and Freedom. What he has given us remains a monumentum aere perennius.