All Scholars

HYDE, Walter Woodburn

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  • Date of Birth: May 04, 1870
  • Born City: Ithaca
  • Born State/Country: NY
  • Parents: Orange Percy & Eloise Flower Davies H.
  • Date of Death: February 15, 1966
  • Death City: Philadelphia
  • Death State/Country: PA
  • Married: Mary Drever, 6 Aug. 1955.
  • Education:

    A.B. Cornell, 1893; study at ASCSA, ASCSR, 1898-9; Göttingen, Halle, Geneva, 1900-2; A.M. & Ph.D. Halle, 1902; Litt. D. U. Pennsylvania, 1948.

  • Dissertation:

    “De Olympionicarum statuis a Pausania commemoratis” (Halle, 1902); printed (Halle, 1903).

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. Lat. & feist. Westerley (RI) HS, 1894-5; vice-princ. Northampton (MA) HS, 1895-8; princ, 1899-1900; instr. class. Princeton, 1906-7; instr. Lat. Friends School (Baltimore), 1907-8; prof. Lat. U. Tennessee, 1908-9; instr. Gk. Cornell, 1909-10; instr. to prof. Gk. & anc. hist. U. Pennsylvania, 1910-40.

  • Publications:

    “Greek Literary Notices of Olympic Victor Monuments outside Olympia,” TAPA 42 (1911) 53-67; “Thessaly and the Vale of Tempe,” Bull. Geog. Soc. Phil. 10 (1912) 71-93; “The Position of the Victor Statues at Olympia,” AJA 16 (1912) 203-29; “The Mountains of Greece,” Bull. Geog. Soc. Phil. 13 (1915) 16, 18, 20-36; “The Prosecution of Lifeless Things and Animals in Greek Law,” AJP 38 (1917) 285-303; “The Curious Animals of the Hercynian Forest,” CJ 13 (1917-8) 231-45; “The Homicide Courts of Ancient Athens,” U. Perm. Law Rev. 66 (June 1918); Olympic Victor Monuments and Greek Athletic Art (Washington, 1921); Greek Religion and Its Survivals (Boston, 1923); “Sophocles' Place in Greek Tragedy,” Studies Rolfe, 115-41; Roman Alpine Routes (Philadelphia, 1935); “The Recent Discovery of an Inscribed Water-Organ at Budapest,” TAPA 69 (1938) 392-410; “The Pentathlum Jump,” AJP 59 (1938) 405-17; Paganism to Christianity in the Roman Empire (Philadelphia & London, 1946); Ancient Greek Mariners (New York, 1947).Bibliography: A Complete Bibliography of the Classical Publications of Walter Woodburn Hyde (Philadelphia, 1949).

  • Notes:

    Hyde's bibliography lists over 14 books and 160 articles on Greek archaeology, philology, literature, religion, geography, and law. He was a classicist and an avid mountaineer, both of which qualities he put to use in his study of the Roman Alpine routes, then the only treatment of the subject, in which he concluded that Hannibal followed the Isara River and crossed the Alpis Graia, or Little St. Bernard. His early interest in Olympic victor statues developed into a general interest in archaeology and many of his publications are on these topics. In granting him the Litt.D., the University of Pennsylvania said: “You in your mature years, have become the prototype of the scholarly ideal. Your many volumes, numerous articles and teaching skill have made the ancient worlds of Greece and Rome a living influence upon men of our time which is your own rich reward and is a tribute to your single-hearted loyalty to the truth that makes men free.” At his death, through a bequest of $20,000 he established a fellowship in his name.

  • Sources:

    NatCAB 53:350; WhAm 6:207.

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.