A.B. Wayne State University, 1942; M.Ed., 1942; M.A. (Latin), University of Michigan, 1945; Ph.D. (Classical Studies), 1950.
Teacher & head of foreign languages departments, Detroit Public Schools, 1942-65; asso. prof. classical languages, University of Detroit, 1965-72; prof. classics & education, 1972; President's Award for Teaching Excellence, 1984; Semple Scholar, AAP, 1948; asso. ed., Classical Outlook, 1972-
"A Study of the Manuscripts of the Florilegium of the Letters of Symmachus" (Michigan, 1950).