North American Scholar

MARTI, Berthe Marie

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1904-05-11
  • Born City: Switzerland
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1995-06-04
  • Death City: Chapel Hill
  • Death State/Country: NC
  • Education:

    Lic. ès Let. U. Lausanne, 1925; Swiss scholar, Bryn Mawr, 1925-26; 1929-30; A.M., 1926; Ph.D., 1933.  

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. Latin Bryn Mawr, 1930-34; asst. prof. 1934-42; assoc prof. 1942-51; prof. 1951-64; prof. Latin, U. North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1964-76; Guggenheim fell., 1954-55; fell. AAR, 1945; Classicist-in-Residence, 1950-51; Fulbright fel. & res. Fell. AAR, 1960-61; vis. prof. 1962-63; mem. exec. comm. & edit. bd. Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum; ed. bd., Medievalia et Humanistica.

  • Dissertation:

    “The Adoration of the Roman Emperor from Augustus to Charlemagne” (Bryn Mawr, 1933).

  • Publications:

    “Three New Glosses from Vacca's Commentary on Lucan,” CP (1941) 64-65; “Literary Criticism in the Mediaeval Commentaries on Lucan,” TAPA 72 (1941) 245-254; “Seneca's Tragedies. A New Interpretation,” TAPA 76 (1945) 216-245; “The Meaning of the Pharsalia,” AJP (1945) 352-76; “The Prototypes of Seneca's Tragedies,” CP (1947) 1-16; “Place de l'Hercule sur l'Oeta dans le corpus des tragédies de Sénèque,” REL (1949) 189-210; “Vacca in Lucanum,” Speculum XXV (1950) 198-214; “The Fabulae Praetextae and Seneca's Octavia,” TAPA LXXX (1949) 427-28; “Seneca's Apocolocyntosis and Octavia, a Diptych,” AJP LXXIII (1952) 24-36; “Hugh Primas and Arnulf of Orléans,” Speculum XXX (1955) 233-38; “Lucan's Invocation to Nero in the Light of the Mediaeval Commentaries,” Quadrivium I (1956) 7-18; Arnulfi Aurelianensis glosulae super Lucanum (ed.) Papers & Monogr. of the Amer. Acad. in Rome XVIII (Rome: American Acad., 1958) REVIEWS: RHE LVII 1962 355 Silvestre | RPh XXXIII 1959 153 André | CW LII 1959 260 MacKay | Gnomon XXXI 1959 569-571 Malcovati | Speculum XXXIV 1959 125-127 Lutz | CPh LIV 1959 144-146 Wallach | PP XIV 1959 79-80 Cazzaniga | REA LXI 1959 257 | CR IX 1959 296 Dilke | AC XXVIII 1959 592-593 Préaux | MA LXV 1959 608-609 van de Woestijne | RBPh XXXVIII 1960 1224-1225 Le Bonniec; “Tragic History and Lucan's Pharsalia,” in Classical, Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies in Honor of B. L. Ullman I, ed. C. Henderson, Jr. (Rome: Ed. di Storia e Letteratura, 1964) 165-204; “Cassius Scaeva and Lucan's invention,” in The Classical Tradition. Literary and Historical Studies in Honor of Harry Caplan, ed. L. Wallach (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1966) 239-257; The Spanish College at Bologna in the Fourteenth Century (Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1966) REVIEWS: REL XLIV 1966 597 Ernst | RFIC XCV 1967 127 Mariotti | Manuscripta XII 1968 35-37 McMahon | History LIII 1968 83 & MAev XXXVII 1968 369-371 Fletcher | EHR LXXXIII 1968 588 Hyde | Speculum XLIII 1968 743-745 Kibbe | CHR LV 1969 284-285 Gabriel; “La structure de la Pharsale,” in Lucain. Sept exposés suivis de discussions, ed. M. Durry, Entretiens sur l'antiquité class. XV (Vandœuvres-Genève: Fond. Hardt, 1970) 1-50; “Lucan's Narrative Techniques,” PP XXX (1975) 74-90.

  • Notes:

    Swiss by birth and habit of mind, Professor Marti received her earlier education in her native Lausanne. She came to the United States to complete her graduate studies, received her doctorate from Bryn Mawr, and became a naturalized citizen of this country in 1942. She held faculty appointments at Bryn Mawr from 1932-1963 and at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1963-1976. After retirement from teach­ing she remained active in Chapel Hill as an honored and dear member of the scholarly communities in Classics and Medieval Studies.Professor Marti was deeply committed to the American Academy in Rome and was so often resident near the Academy that she became a kind of genius loci.Her scholarly interests, always intense, included Latin literature, the medieval reception of classical learning, and the humanistic educational structures for its dissemina­tion. These are well represented in her principal pub­lications: the edition of Arnulf of Orldans massive com­mentary on Lucan, her contributions in 1968 to the Fondation Hardt's colloquy on Lucan, and her edi­tion and translation of the statutes of the Spanish College. Berthe Marti will be remembered with affection by her students, colleagues, and friends for her energy and charm, for the enthusiasm with which she led her life, and for the fortitude and patience with which she awaited its end.

  • Sources:

    APA Newsletter (December 1995) 27.

  • Author: Daniel Sheerin