North American Scholar

MOORE, Lewis Baxter

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1866-09-01
  • Born City: near Huntsville
  • Born State/Country: AL
  • Parents: Henry and Rebecca (Beasley or Love) M.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1928-12-12
  • Death City: Philadelphia
  • Death State/Country: PA
  • Married: Sarah Elizabeth Tanner, 19 November 1895; Lavenia E. Waring, 17 June 1903.
  • Education:

    A.B., Fisk U., 1889; A.M., Fisk U., 1893; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1896. Summer school, Clark University, Worcester, MA, 1897 and 1898; European Systems of Education, Berlin, 1906.

  • Professional Experience:

    Instructor, Howard University, 1895-1896; asst. prof. of Latin and pedagogy, 1896-1899; Dean of the Teacher’s College and professor of philosophy and education, Howard University, 1899-1920; pastor, People’s Congregational UCC, Washington, D.C., 1902-1912; pastor, Faith Presbyterian Church, Germantown, PA, 1924-1928.

  • Dissertation:

    “The Stage in the Dramas of Sophocles,” (U. of Pennsylvania, 1896).

  • Publications:

    “A Study of Homer,” African Methodist Episcopal Review Exercises 10 (October, 1893): 290-298; What the Negro Has Done for Himself  (Washington, D.C.: R. L. Pendleton, 1911); Report Concerning the Needs and Problems of Negroes in War Camp Communities (New York: National Service Committee of the Congregational Churches of America, 1918); How the Colored Race Can Help in Problems Issuing from the War (New York: National Security League, 1918, 1919). 

  • Notes:

    Lewis Baxter Moore was the first person of African descent to earn a doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania. His dissertation has been lost. In the same year he joined the American Philological Association, maintaining membership from 1896 to 1907. During those years, he was instrumental in establishing the first colored branch of  the Y.M.C.A in Philadelphia. At Howard University, Dr. Moore founded the Teachers’ College in 1899 and served as its dean continuously from 1899 until his resignation effective 1 September, 1920. Under his leadership the college enjoyed great success. By 1915 221 of the 279 Normal School graduates held teaching positions across the U.S. and 125 A.M. degrees had been conferred. In 1912 he was among the candidates nominated for president of Howard University. Throughout his career, Dean Moore lectured widely, and even taught at the summer school for teachers operated by Wilberforce University, Wilberforce, OH, in 1915. He was also deeply involved in U.S. efforts during World War I. In 1919 having been granted 3 months leave of absence, Dean Moore took an educational tour of the south, and retired soon after. He then returned to the pulpit leading the Faith Presbyterian Church in Germantown, PA. His efforts to erect a new building, which opened in July, 1927, were said to have contributed to his death at age 62. 

  • Sources:

    Christian Recorder, (26 Dec., 1895) p. 6; Who’s Who of the Colored Race, ed. Frank Lincoln Mather (Chicago: Memento, 1915) pp. 196-197; Chicago Defender (14 Aug. 1920) p. 1; Baltimore Afro-American (7 July, 1927) p. 5; Philadelphia Tribune (20 Dec. 1928) p. 2. 

  • Author: Michele Valerie Ronnick