B.A. Yale, 1869; study at Yale Div. Sch., 1870-1; Ph.D. Yale, 1873; study at Tubingen, Leipzig, & Berlin, 1876-9; LL.D. Western Reserve U., 1893.
Tchr. Hartford (CT) HS, 1869-70; asst. princ. 1874-6, 1879-81; tutor Gk. Yale, 1873-4, 1878-9; prof. Gk. Adelbert Coll., Western Reserve U., 1881-93; prof. Gk. Yale, 1893-1901; Lamp-son prof. Gk. lit. & hist., 1901-9; public orator, 1898-1908; pres. APA, 1896-7; fellow, AAAS.
"The Electra of Sophocles and the Choephoroi of Æschylus Compared" (Yale, 1873).
C. Iulii Caesaris De bello civili. Caesar's Civil War (New York, 1882); "The Crastinus Episode at Palaepharsalus," TAPA 15 (1884) 46-57; "Lucan as Historical Source for Appian," AJP 5 (1884) 325-30; "Equestrianism in the Doloneia," TAPA 16 (1885) 104-15; "Pharsalia, Pharsalus, Palaepharsalus," AJP 6 (1885) 170-89; "The Odyssey under Historical Source-Criticism," AJP 8 (1887) 415-32; Homer's Odyssey Books I-IV (Boston, 1889); Homer's Odyssey Books V-VIII (Boston & London, 1894); "Genesis and Growth of an Alexander-Myth," TAPA 26 (1895) 56-68; Eight Books of Homer's Odyssey, with T. D. Seymour (Boston & London, 1897); "The Ethics and Amenities of Greek Historiography," AJP 18 (1897) 255-74; Four Books of Homer's Odyssey with T. D. Seymour (Boston & London, 1897); "Professor Whitney's Influence on Classical Philologists," American Congress of Philologists. Whitney Memorial Meeting (Boston, 1897), 37-41; Greek Dramas by Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes (New York, 1900); Plutarch's Themistocles and Aristides (trans.) (New York, 1901); "The ἰέρειαι of Hellanicus and the Burning of the Argive Heraeum," AJP 22 (1901) 39-43; "The Nikias of Pasiphon and Plutarch," TAPA 33 (1902) 139-49; “The Death of Alcibiades,” TAPA 37 (1906) 25-37; "Recognition Scenes in Greek Literature," AJP 30 (1909) 371-404; "The Austere Consistency of Pericles (Plutarch, Pericles ix-xv)," Trans. Conn. Acad. Arts & Sci. 15 (1909) 217-24; Plutarch's Cimon and Pericles with the Funeral Oration of Pericles (trans.) (New York, 1910); Plutarch's Nicias and Alcibiades (trans.) (New York, 1912); Plutarch's Lives (trans.), LCL, 11 vols. (Cambridge & London, 1914-26).
Early in his school career, Penrin won prizes not for Latin and Greek but for English composition. His lectures on history demonstrated scrupulous preparation and immersion in the language, literature, and culture of his subject expressed in elegant fashion, after the elegant fashion of his ancient sources. His public orations at Yale were singularly memorable and evidence of his wide reading in and his wide reading in the rhetorical models found in the Greek historians and of their influence on his own style. His fascination with the great figures of Greece and Rome, his love of history and his abilities with two languages, Greek and English, were consummated in his scholarly monument, the 11-volume Loeb edition of Plutarch's Lives.
H. M. Hubbell, DAB 14:478-9; E. P. Morris, AJP 41 (1920) 405; NatCAB 12:243; WhAm 1:961.
AUTHORWard W. Briggs, Jr.