North American Scholar

RAUBITSCHEK, Antony Erich

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  • Date of Birth: 1912-12-04
  • Born City: Vienna
  • Born State/Country: Austria
  • Date of Death: 1999-05-07
  • Death City: Palo Alto
  • Death State/Country: CA
  • Married: Isabelle Kelly, 1941
  • Education:

    Ph.D. University of Vienna, 1935.

  • Dissertation:

    "Epikureische Untersuchungen" (Vienna, 1935; excerpted as "Zu einigen Wiederholungen bei Lukrez," AJP 59 (1938) 218–23).

  • Professional Experience:

    Member Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 1938-42 & 1954-55; insert. classics, Yale, 1942-44; sr. fellow, ASCSA (at Institute for Advanced Study), 1944-45; asst. prof. classics, Yale, 1945-47; as. prof. Princeton, 1947-63; prof. classics, 1963-745; Sadie Dernham Patek Professor of Humanities, Stanford, 1974-????; lectr. U. Pennsylvania, 1950-51; Fulbright vis. prof. Oxford, fellow, Merton College, 1961; vis. prof. Bonn, 1962; NATO vis. prof. U. Athens, 1963-64; Heidelberg, 1965; U. Washington, 1967; Köln, 1967 ASCSA, 1977. 

  • Publications:

    “Bericht über Zusammensetzungen archaischer Inschriftsteine von der Akropolis in Athen,” AAWW 73 (1936) 29-30; “Zu einigen Wiederholungen bei Lukrez,” AJP 59 (1938) 218-223; “Zur Technik und Form der altattischen Statuenbasen,” BIAB (1938) 132-181; “Ἔργα μεγάλα τε και θωμαστά,” REA (1939) 217-222; “Leagros,” Hesperia 8 (1939) 155-164; “Early Attic Votive Monuments,” ABSA 40 (1939-40) 17-37; “Two Monuments Erected after the Victory of Marathon,” AJA 9 (1940) 53-59; “Some Notes on Early Attic Stoichedon Inscriptions,” JHS 61 (1940) 50-59; “A New Fragment of ATL, D8,” AJP 63 (1940) 475-479; “The Inscription on the Base of the Athena Promachos Statue,” AJA 44 (1940) 109; “Note on a Study of the Acropolis Dedication,” AJA 45 (1941) 70; “A Possible Signature of Kalamis, AJA 10 (1941) 90; “The Heroes of Phyle,” Hesperia 10 (1941) 284-295; “Two Notes on Isocrates,” TAPA 72 (1941) 356-364; “Notes on Attic Prosopography,” Hesperia 11 (1942) 304-313; “Zu altattischen Weihinschriften” JŒAI 31 (1942) 21-68; “An Original Work of Endoios,” AJA 46 (1942) 245-253; “IG, II2 2839 + 2844,” CP 37 (1942) 317-319; “Greek Inscriptions,” with E. Capps, Hesperia 12 (1943) 1-96; “Note on IG I2 945,” Hesperia 13 (1944) 352; “Athens and Halikyai,” TAPA 75 (1944) 10-14; “Two Notes on Athenian Epigrams,” Hesperia 14 (1945) 367-368; “The Pyloroi of the Acropolis,” TAPA 76 (1945) 104-107; “Hadrian as the Soan of Zeus Eleutherios,” AJA 49 (1945) 128-133; “The Priestess of Pandrosos,” AJA 49 (1945) 434-435; “Octavia's Deification at Athens,” TAPA 77 (1946) 146-50; “The Ostracism of Xanthippos,” AJA 51 (1947) 257-262; “Early Christian Epitaphs from Athens,” with J.S. Creaghan Hesperia 16 (1947) 1-54 (Publ. Woodstock, MD: Theol. Stud., 1947). REVS: Epigraphica VIII 1946 93 Ferrua | CP 1948 272-273 Willoughby | LEC 1948 74 Claise | AB 1948 320 Halkin | MUB XXVII 1947-1948 358-359 Mouterde | CR 1948 151 Calder | AJPh 1949 202-205 Downey | AJA 1949 89 Pritchett | AHR LIV 1949 408 Robinson | REG 1949 267 Lemerle | JHS 1948 LXVIII 162 Cormack | Traditio VI 1948 369-372 Kent | G&R XVII 1948 134 | CJ XLV 1949 150-151 Mylonas | Epigraphica XIV 1952 137; Supplementum epigraphicum Graecum, X, with J.J.E. Hondius (Leiden: Sijthoff, 1949). REVS: CP XLIX 1954 41-44 Pritchett; “Three Attic Proxeny Decrees,” with C.P. Loughran, Hesperia 16 (1947) 78-81; “The Case against Alcibiades (Andocides iv),” TAPA 79 (1948) 191-210; “Sophocles of Sunion,” JŒAI 37 (1948) 35-40; “Ostracism,” Archaeology 1 (1948) 79-82; Dedications from the Athenian Acropolis. A Catalogue of the Inscriptions of the Sixth and Fifth Centuries B. C., with the collaboration of L.H. Jeffery (Cambridge, MA: AIA, 1949). REVS: Archaeology II 1949 221 Broneer | JHS LXX 1950 97 Tod | REG 1950 144 Robert | AC 1950 511-514 Lacroix | AHR LV 1950 405 Robinson | CR 1950 144-147 Woodward; “Phaidros and his Roman Pupils,” Hesperia 18 (1949) 96-103; “Commodus and Athens,” Hesperia Suppl. VIII (1949) 279-290; “Another Drachma Dedication,” YCS 11 (1950) 293-296; “The Origin of Ostracism,” AJA 55 (1951) 221-229; “The Mechanical Engraving of Circular Letters,” AJA 55 (1951) 343-344 (repr. in Festschrift A. Rumpf, zum 60. Geburtstag dargebracht von Freunden und Schülern, Köln im Dez. 1950 (Krefeld: Scherpe-Verlag, 1952) 125-26); “Sylleia,” in Studies in Roman Economic and Social History in Honor of A. C. Johnson, ed. by P.R. Coleman-Norton with the assist. of F.C. Bourne & J.V. Fine (Princeton : Princeton University Press, 1951) 49-57; “Plato's College,” CW 45 (1951-52) 193-196; “International Epigraphy. Report on the Second International Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy, Paris, April 15-19, 1952,” Archaeology 5 (1952) 119-120; “Athenian Ostracism,” CJ 48 (1952-53) 113-22; “Two Notes on the Fasti of Achaia,” in Studies Presented to D.M. Robinson on his Seventieth Birthday, II, ed. G. E. Mylonas & D. Raymond (St. Louis, Mo.: Washington University, 1953) 330-333; “Report on Ostracism (The Athenian Ostraca),” in Actes du Deuxième Congrès international d'Épigraphie grecque et latine, Paris 1952 (Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve, 1953) 59-74; “Philinos,” Hesperia 23 (1954) 68-71; “The New Homer,” Hesperia 23 (1954) 317-319;“Epigraphical Notes on Julius Caesar,” JRS 44 (1954) 65-75; “The Dates of Caesar's Second and Third Dictatorships,” AJA 58 (1954) 148; “Gyges in Herodotus,” CW 48 (1954-55) 48-50; “Zur attischen Genealogie,” RhM 98 (1955) 258-62; “Damon,” C&M 16 (1955) 78-83; “Philochoros Frag. 30 (Jacoby),” Hermes 83 (1955) 119-20; “Theopompos on Hyperbolos,” Phoenix 9 (1955) 122-126; “Kimons Zurückberufung,” Historia 3 (1955) 379-80; “Menon, Son of Menekleides,” Hesperia 24 (1955) 286-89; “The Gates in the Agora,” AJA 60 (1956) 279-282; “Die Verstossung des Themistokles (Fr. Gr. Hist., 115 F 339),” Hermes 84 (1956) 500-501; “(H)abronichos,” CR n.s. 6 (1956) 199; “Die schamlose Ehefrau (Herodot I, 8,3),” mit einer Anmerk. von E. Bickel, RhM 100 (1957) 139-141; “Brutus in Athens,” Phoenix 11 (1957) 1-11; “Das Datislied,” in Charites. Studien zur Altertumswissenschaft E. Langlotz gewidmet, ed. K. Schauenburg (Bonn: Athenäum-Verlag, 1957) 234-42;  “Meeresnähe und Volksherrschaft,” WS 71 (1958) 112-15; “Ein neues Pittakeion,” WS 71 (1958) 170-72; “Theophrastus on Ostracism,” C&M 19 (1958) 78-109; “The Brutus Statue in Athens,” in Atti del terzo Congresso internazionale di Epigrafia greca e latina (Roma 4-8 settembre 1957) (Rome: L'Erma, 1959) 15-21; “Die Rückkehr des Aristeides,” Historia 8 (1959) 127-28; “Arae Augusti,” with A. Benjamin, Hesperia 28 (1959) 65-85; “Theopompos on Thucydides the Son of Melesias,” Phoenix 14 (1960) 81-95; “Herodotus and the Inscriptions,” BICS 8 (1961) 59-61; “The Covenant of Plataea,” TAPA 91 (1960) 178-83; “Demokratia,” Hesperia 31 (1962) 238-43; “The Marble Prohedria in the Theater of Dionysos,” AJA 67 (1963) 216; “War Melos tributpflichtig?,” Historia 12 (1963) 78-83; “Demokratia,” in Akte des IV. internationalen Kongresses für griechische und lateinische Epigraphik (Wien, 17. bis 22. September 1962, μνήμης χάριν J. Keil (Vienna: Böhlau, 1964) 332-37; “Iamblichos at Athens,” Hesperia 33 (1964) 63-68; “The Treaties between Persia and Athens,” GRBS 5 (1964) 151-59; “Die Inschrift als Denkmal. Bemerkungen zur Methodologie der Inschriftkunde,” StudGen 17 (1964) 219-28; “Die Inschrift als geschichtliches Denkmal,” Gymnasium 72 (1965) 511-22; “A Note on the Themistokles Decree,” in Studi in onore di L. Banti (Rome: L'Erma, 1965) 285-87; “Αἱ Ἀθῆναι τοῦ Περικλέους.” EEAth 15 (1964-65) 101-24; “The Peace Policy of Perikles,” AJA 69 (1965) 174; “Ζητήματα ἐπιγραφικῆς,”  EEAth 16 (1965-66) 148-70; “Greek Inscriptions,” Hesperia 35 (1966) 241-51; “Early Cretan Armor,” with H. Hoffmann, AJA 72 (1968) 166; H. Hoffmann Early Cretan Armourers, with the collaboration of Raubitschek, Fogg Art Museum Monographs in Art & Archaeology (Mainz: von Zabern, 1972) REVS: BVAB XLVIII 1973 198-199 Stoop | JHS XCIII 1973 263-264 Snodgrass | AJA LXXVIII 1974 95 de Vries | ABull LVI 1974 430-432 Kopcke | RBA XLII 1973 151 Mariën | CR XXV 1975 114-115 Boardman | DLZ XCVI 1975 1075-1079 Zimmermann | ACR III 1973 193-194 Gaertner | REG LXXXIX 1976 136-137 Rolley | Gnomon XLVIII 1976 281-285 Hölscher | AArchHung XXVII 1975 244-246 Szabó; “A Late Byzantine Account of Ostracism,” with J.J. Keaney, AJP 93 (1972) 87-91; “Epigraphik und Archäologie,” with F. Lorber & H. Thompson, in Das Studium der griechischen Epigraphik. Eine Einführung, ed. G. Pfohl (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1977) 97-131; “Die Gründungsorakel der Dionysien, II,” in Pro arte antiqua. Festschrift für Hedwig Kenner, II, ed. Wilhelm Alzinger, Christine Schwanzar & Christa Neeb Gudrun (Vienna: Koska, 1985) 300-1.

  • Notes:

    Anton[y] Raubitschek, distinguished Greek epigraphist, worked with stones, vases, and texts from the Archaic to the Christian era (for the latter, Athenian Agora epitaphs). In addition, he maintained an interest in philosophy (his Vienna dissertation examined Epicurus) and Greek history. Early in his post-doctoral career, he contributed many small articles to Pauly-Wissowa. He pursued epigraphical studies in Athens for a major Acropolis epigraphical project, the publication of the votive inscriptions. A few years after receiving his doctoral degree, the German occupation of Austria and murderous Nazi racial policies forced him and his family (Jewish in ancestry but practicing Lutherans) to leave Austria. Fortunately for American Classical Studies, the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton extended an invitation to immigrate. Abraham Flexner invited him, in 1938 at Benjamin Meritt’s urging, to participate in furthering the study and publication of Attic inscriptions from the Acropolis and the Agora. He had been a student of Adolf Wilhelm (1864-1950) and Otto Schrader (1855-1919) who directed him to the Acropolis votive inscriptions and reliefs. He had worked with Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938) on the Berlin Academy’s Corpus of Attic Inscriptions. His one book, arising from those contacts and with the collaboration of Lillian Jeffery contributed an enduring monument to the study of Athena’s sanctuary. Raubitschek always studied inscriptions as but one part of a stele, plinth, or column in three dimensions, with attention to their layout, dimensions, and archaeological context (often the remains of statues were in the citadel’s Acropolis Museum, inscriptions in the Epigraphical Museum). He produced the early epigraphical indexes for Hesperia and co-edited SEG X (1949). His publications from 1936 to 1990 took article form. They range from the inscriptions that he loved to questions of ostracism, Periclean policy, classical political philosophy (including Cicero as well as Plato), and fragments of the Atthidographers. His familiarity with the material remains of Attica and classical prose authors produced remarkable erudition. “Toni” taught at Yale, Princeton, and Stanford universities from 1942 to 1978 (and beyond that year in Adult Education). Among his Princeton students were Philip Stadter (b. 1936) and David Lewis (1928-1994). He supervised—a fierce critic of fatuous hypotheses--at least twelve doctoral theses at Stanford. He returned for visiting appointments to Austria and to Germany (Köln, Munich, Vienna). His colleagues included Herman Fränkel, Brooks Otis, Lionel Pearson, T.B.L. Webster, Mark Edwards, and Michael Jameson. He taught very popular undergraduate courses on Greek history and ancient athletics for which he won Stanford teaching awards, as well as a graduate course on the topography of Athens.  He mellifluously pronounced an idiosyncratic Ancient Greek intoned somewhere between ancient and modern modes. Raubitschek was a small man with a warm smile and a fine sense of humor. His voice and presence were imposing. He dressed casually, never drove an automobile but biked to campus into old age. His relations with some nearby colleagues could be frosty, but with others were cordial and reciprocated. He carried out his correspondence with scholars in the United States, England, Germany, Austria, Greece, and other countries in many languages and in a hand nearly stoichedon. He brought to publication as a labor of love his deceased wife Isabelle Kelly Raubitschek’s (1914-1988) volume on metal finds from the American excavations at Isthmia: Isthmia. The Metal Objects (1998). In his final year, the Austrian government conferred on Raubitschek its Cross of Honor for achievements in Science and Art. Raubitschek’s trajectory differed from many other Middle-European scholars who escaped the Nazi Holocaust but struggled for positions elsewhere. Like many of them, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States and a major contributor to America’s post-war progress in the study of ancient inscriptions and life. 

  • Sources:

    WhAm 1980-1; DAS 8:426; Michael Jameson, AJA 103, 4 (Oct. 1999) 697-8; The Autobiography of Antony Erich Raubitschek, HISTOS 2015: http://research.ncl.ac.uk/histos/documents/S01LateinerRaubitschekAutobiography.pdf

  • Author: Donald Lateiner