North American Scholar

REINHOLD, Meyer

  • Image
  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1909-09-01
  • Born City: Brooklyn
  • Born State/Country: NY
  • Parents: Josef, a tinsmith, and Ethel Rosen R.  
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 2002-07-01
  • Death City: Nashville
  • Death State/Country: TN
  • Married: Diane Roth, 29 September 1939.
  • Education:

    A.B. City College of New York, 1929; M.A. Columbia, 1930; Henry Drisler fell. & univ. fell., 1931-32; Ph.D. 1933; fell. AAR, 1933-35.  

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. class. Langs. Brooklyn Coll., 1939-47; asst. prof. 1947-52; assoc. prof. 1952-55; vice pres., advertising agency, New York, 1955-65; assoc. prof. Greek, Latin & anc. Hist., Southern Illinois U., 1965-67; Byler Distinguished Professor of Class. Stud., U. of Missouri-Columbia, 1967-80; vis. Asso. Prof. Class., Boston U., 1980-96; founder Institute for the Classical tradition, Boston, U., founding editor, with Wolfgang Haase of International Journal of the Classical Tradition.

  • Dissertation: Array
  • Publications:

    “A Contribution to Biographical Chronology,” CW 26 (1933) 172-75; “The Perusine War,” CW 26 (1933) 180-82; “A Note on the Legislation Concerning Roman Crematories,” CW 28 (1935) 91-92;; “The Imperial Commentarii Aquarum,” CW 28 (1935) 92-93; “Historian of the Classic World. A Critique of Rostovtzeff,” Science & Society 10 (1946) 361-91; Roman Civilization. Selected Readings, I : The Republic, ed. with Naphtali Lewis, Records of Civilization, Sources & Studies, XLV (New York : Columbia Univ. Pr., 1951; 2nd ed., 1955; 3rd ed., 1990) [REVS: CHR XXXVIII 1952-1953 93 McGuire | CW XLVI 1952 59 Finley | JHI XIII 1952 281 | Latomus XI 1952 496-497 Hammer AJA LVII 1953 149 Gordon | RPh XXVII 1953 232 Bloch | CPh XLVIII 1953 278 Larsen | CR N. III 1953 214 Hopper CJ L 1955 190 Turner | AHR LXI 1955-1956 373 Starr | RR XX 1955-1956 225 Richardson CW LXXXV 1991-1992 120-121 Curtis ; CR XLII 1992 108-109 Paterson]; Roman Civilization. Selected Readings, II : The Empire (27 B.C.-A.D. 337), ed. with Naphtali Lewis Records of Civilization, Sources & Studies, XLV (New York : Columbia Univ. Pr., 1955; 3rd ed. 1990) [REVS: RR XX 1955-1956 225 Richardson | AHR LXI 1955-1956 374 Starr | JR XXXVI 1956 272 MacKendrick | Latomus XV 1956 587 Renard | CW XLIX 1956 77-78 Feldman CPh LII 1957 209 Larsen | CR N.S. VII 1957 267 Hopper | CJ LII 1957 366-367 Pickel CW LXXXV 1991-1992 120-121 Curtis ; CR XLII 1992 108-109 Paterson]; Vergil, Aeneid, Eclogues, Georgics. Detailed Analyses and Summaries (New York : Barron, 1966) [REVS.: PVS VI 1966-1967 56 Currie]; Barron's Simplified Approach to Homer. The Odyssey (Woodbury: Barron's Educ. Ser., 1967) [Revs.: CW LXI 1968 400-401 Buttrey]; Barron's Simplified Approach to Homer. The Iliad (Woodbury : Barron's Educ. Ser., 1967) [REVS: CW LXI 1968 400-401 Buttrey]; “Horace, Carmina I,11,5-6,” Hermes 97 (1969) 377-78; “On Status Symbols in the Ancient World,” CJ 64 (1969) 300-304; “The Unhero Aeneas,” C&M 27 (1966) 195-207; History of Purple as a Status Symbol in Antiquity, Coll. Latomus CXVI (Brussels: 60 rue Colonel Chaltin, 1970) [REVS: LEC XXXIX 1971 405 CPh LXVII 1972 75-76 Oost | CR XXII 1972 293 Murray | REL XLIX 1971 462 Le Bonniec | RFIC C 1972 360-361 Benzi | REG LXXXV 1972 199-200 Bruneau | Emerita XL 1972 229-230 Munñoz Valle | RPh XLVI 1972 169 Ernout RBPh L 1972 881 Thouvenot | REA LXXIV 1972 239-244 Demougeot | ACR I 1971 249 Polak | JRS LXIII 1973 267-268 Stubbs | Gnomon XLV 1973 50-58 Kolb | Gymnasium LXXX 1973 313 Pekáry]; “The Generation Gap in Antiquity,” PAPhS 114 (1970) 347-65 (repr. The Conflict of Generations in Ancient Greece & Rome, ed. by S. Bertman (Amsterdam : Grüner, 1976)15-54); “The Naming of Pygmalion's Animated Statue,” CJ 66 (971) 316-19; “Usurpation of Status and Status Symbols,” Historia 20 (1971) 275-302; “Marcus Agrippa's Son-in-Law P. Quinctilius Varus,” CP 67 (1972) 119-21; Past and Present. The Continuity of Classical Myths, ill. by Audette A. H. (Toronto : Hakkert, 1972) [CW LXVII 1973 56-57 Gordon | EMC XVII 1973 115-116 Broege | Latomus XXXII 1973 655 Bardon CPh LXIX 1974 230-232 Feder | REA LXXV 1973 347 Grimal RPh XLIX 1975 115 Vian ; ACR III 1973 201-202 Hansen]; The Classick Pages. Classical Reading of Eighteenth Century Americans, ed. with intro. and notes (University Park, PA : Pennsylvania State Univ. Pr., 1975) [REVS: CJ LXXII 1976-1977 168 MacKendrick ; CLS XIV 1977 186-191 Barthelmess ; CW LXXI 1977 140-142 Wiltshire]; “Survey of Scholarship on Classical Traditions in Early America,” in Classical Traditions in Early America, ed. J.W. Eadie (Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Coordination of Ancient & Modern Stud. Univ. of Michigan 1976) 1-48; “The Silver Age of Classical Studies in America, 1790-1830,” in Ancient and Modern. Essays in Honor of Gerald F. Else, ed. J.A. d'Arms J. H. & J.W. Eadie (Ann Arbor, MI : Center for Coördination of Ancient & Modern Stud., Univ. of Michigan, 1977) 181-213; The Golden Age of Augustus, with the assistance of P.T. Alessi (Toronto : Stevens ; Sarasota, FL, 1978) [REVS: G&R XXVI 1979 203-204 Gardner ; CJ LXXV 1980 359-362 Romer Latomus XXXIX 1980 759 André]; “Augustus' Conception of Himself,” Thought (New York Fordham Univ. Pr.) 55 (1980) 36-50; “Last Words on the Calculus Minervae,” CP 76 (1981) 137-40; “The Declaration of War against Cleopatra,” CJ 77 (1981-1982) 97-103; “Roman Attitudes toward Egyptians,” AncW 3 (1980) 97-103; Diaspora. The Jews among the Greeks and Romans(Sarasota, FL : Stevens, 1983) [REVS: G&R XXXI 1984 104-105 Walcot ; CO LXI 1984 102 Smith ; Phoenix XXXIX 1985 94-95 Sanders Latomus XLIV 1985 448 Dubuisson]; Classica Americana. The Greek and Roman Heritage in the United States (Detroit : Wayne State Univ. Pr., 1984 [REVS: CJ LXXXI 1986 355-356 Bradford ; CPh LXXXII 1987 85-89 Ferguson ; Elenchos VIII 1987 181-188 Bertini Malgarini]; “Res Gestae 4.1 and the Ovations of Augustus,” with J. Humphrey, ZPE 57 (1984) 60-62; “Human Nature as Cause in Ancient Historiography,” in The Craft of the Ancient Historian. Essays in Honor of Chester G. Starr, ed. J. W. Eadie & J. Ober (Lanham, MD : Univ. Pr. of America, 1985) 21-40; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1980-1982,” with E.A. Hanawalt, CML 5,3 (1985) 141-269; “In Praise of Cassius Dio,” AC 55 (1986) 213-22; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1983,” with E.A. Hanawalt, CML 6, 3 (1986) 151-225; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1984,” with E.A. Hanawalt, CML 7 (1987) 151-237; From Republic to Principate. An Historical Commentary on Cassius Dio's Roman History, VI : Books 49-52 (36-29 B.C.) APA Monogr. Ser. ; XXXIV (Atlanta, GA : Scholars Pr., 1988) [REVS: CR XXXIX 1989 204-205 Carter ; JRS LXXIX 1989 251-252 Rich ; CW LXXXIII 1989-1990 241 Bates ; REG CIII 1990 344 Chamoux ; AJPh CXII 1991 413-417 Manuwald. ; AC LX 1991 580 M.-T. Raepsaet-Charlier]; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1985,” CML 8 (1988) 151-234; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1986,” with Anthony Bren & Sandra Barkey, CML 9 (1988-1989) 183-275; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1987,” with Emily Hanawalt & Sandra J. Barkey, CML10 (1989-1990) 183-286; “Cassius Dio's Assessment of Augustus,” with P.M. Swan, in Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate, ed. Kurt A. Raaflaub & (Berkeley : Univ. of California Pr., 1990) 155-73; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1988,” with Emily Hanawalt & Anthony Breen CML 11 (1991) 215-291; “Bibliography of the Classical Tradition for 1989,” by Emily A. Hanawalt, CML 12 (1991-1992) 215-296; “Res Gestae 4.1 and the Ovations of Augustus,” with J. Humphrey, ZPE 57 (1984) 60-62; Jewish Life and Thought among Greeks and Romans: Primary Readings, ed. with Louis H. Feldman (Minneapolis: Fortress Pr., 1996) [REVS: BiZ 1997 N. F. 41 (2) : 256-257 Hans-Josef Klauck ; ThLZ 1998 123 (4) : 374-375 Jürgen Wehnert ; RBi 2004 111 (3) : 464 Étienne Nodet]; Studies in Classical History and Society (Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Pr., 2002) [REVS: LEC 2004 72 (1-2) : 160-161 Arnaldo Marcone].

  • Notes:

    Meyer Reinhold died shortly after his fourth and final retirement as an active classical scholar, and the publication of his final book, Studies In Classical History And Society. As a scholar Reinhold will be remembered primarily for his scrupulous accuracy in research, his mastery of primary documents, his pioneering courses in classics in translation, and his development of the new sub-dis­cipline of the study of the classical tradition. For these achievements Reinhold was nominated for a Presiden­tial Medal in the Humanities in 1998. He was also a tireless teacher and supportive colleague to younger scholars and students. A Phi Beta Kappa graduate of City College of New York, he earned the PhD in ancient history from Columbia University at the age of twenty-three. His dis­sertation became the standard biography of Marcus Agrippa. His Columbia professor, William Linn Westermann, once referred to Reinhold and his fellow students and friends Naphtali and Moses Finkelstein, later Sir M. I. Finley, as "the three ablest students I ever had." After a stint as a Fellow of the American Academy in Rome, Reinhold rose through the ranks at Brooklyn College, engaged in active research, and, after World War II, began teaching large courses to returning veterans in classics in translation. Reinhold together with his colleague Naphtali Lewis published the first volume of their sourcebook Roman Civilization in 1951, the second in 1955. As the twenty-first century dawned, the book, now in its third edition, is still a standard text in classics courses throughout the country. Reinhold's first retirement was not voluntary. In 1955, at the age of forty-six one of the most prominent Ameri­can historians of Rome, Reinhold was forced to resign his position at Brooklyn College under the pressures of the McCarthy era. For ten years he worked in his brother's advertising firm in Brooklyn, while continu­ing his research and writing in classics. In 1965 the offer of a position at the Southern Illinois University at Carbondale allowed him to return to academics. In 1967 he moved to the University of Missouri as Byler Distinguished Professor of Classical Studies. After his retire­ment from Missouri in 1980 at the age of seventy, he became Visiting University Professor at Boston Uni­versity, where he founded the Institute for the Study of the Classical tradition and co-founded a new journal, International Journal of the Classical Tradition. In 1996 Reinhold and his wife Diane retired to Nash­ville, where their daughter Helen Reinhold Barrett was Dean of the Graduate School at Tennessee State Uni­versity. That year he was named a Visiting Scholar at Vanderbilt University and continued preparing materi­als for publication with the help of readers after the loss of his eyesight. In his last months he was able to enjoy publication of his latest book and the company of fam­ily and friends. Also a specialist in Jewish studies, Reinhold published Diaspora: The Jews Among The Greeks And Romans and, with Lewis Feldman, Jewish Life And Thought Among Greeks And Romans: Primary Readings. Altogether he was the author, editor, or co-editor of twenty-three books. Reinhold’s first date with his future wife Diane took place at a meeting of the New York Clas­sical Club. In addition to their daughter they had a son Robert Reinhold, a leading reporter for the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times, who died in 1997 only months after the death of Diane. At his funeral at Congregation Micah in Nashville on July 4, 2002, Reinhold's grandsons Matthew Reinhold Barrett of Rochester, New York, and Andrew Charlton Barrett, of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, delivered eulo­gies. Matthew Barrett reflected on his grandfather's love of family and his unfailing ethical probity as mod­els for his own life. Andrew Barrett spoke of his grandfather's ability even in times of terrible loss to continue his work and his many interests. "My grand­father was independently happy," he concluded. "His great mind made room for it all."

  • Sources:

     APA Newsletter (August 2002) 6-7 [Susan Ford Wiltshire]

  • Author: Mark Toher