North American Scholar

ROEBUCK, Carl Angus

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1914-02-23
  • Born City: Toronto, ON
  • Born State/Country: Canada
  • Parents: Walter Martin & Maude Valerie Brand R.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1999-12-30
  • Married: Mary Thorne Campbell, 1947.
  • Education:

    B.A., U. of Toronto, 1935; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., U. of Chicago, 1941; student, ACSCA, 1937-40; L.H.D., U. Vermont, 1966

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. classics & anc. hist.,  Dalhousie U., 1943-8; asst. prof., U. of Chicago, 1948-52; Northwestern, 1952-57; prof. 1957-62; John Evans Prof. Classics, 1962-79; chair, classics dept., 1954-62; Guggenheim fell., 1952-3; mem. IAS (Princeton), 1953-4; NEH Sr. Fell., 1968-9.

  • Dissertation:

    "A History of Messenia from 396 to 146 B.C." (Chicago, 1941).

  • Publications:

    “The White Ground Plaques by the Cerberus Painter,” AJA (1939) 467-73; “Pottery from the North Slope of the Acropolis 1937-1938,” Hesperia (1940) 141-260; “Notes on the Excavation,” with M.A. Frantz, Hesperia (1941) 109-12; A History of Messenia from 369 to 146 B. C. (Chicago: U. of Chicago Library, 1941) REVS: CW XXXV 1941-1942 88-89 Hyde | AJA 1942 584 Dow | JHS 1944 102-106 Treves; “A Note on Messenian Economy and Population,” CP 40 (1945) 149-65; “The Settlements of Philip II with the Greek States in 338 B. C.,” CP 51 (1948) 73-92; “The Grain Trade between Greece and Egypt,” CP 45 (1950) 236-47; “The Mavrozoumenos Bridge in Messenia,” in Studies Presented to D. M. Robinson on His Seventieth Birthday, I: Prehistoric Greece, Egypt and the Far East, Architecture and Topography, Sculpture, Paintings and Mosaics, ed. G.E. Mylonas (Saint Louis, MO: Washington U. Press, 1951) I:351-5; “The Organization of Naukratis,” CP 46 (1951) 212-20; “A Search for Political Stability, Machiavelli's Discourses on Livy,” Phoenix 6 (1952) 52-65; Corinth. Results of Excavations Conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, XIV: The Asklepieion and Lerna Based on the Excavations & Preliminary studies of F.F. de Waele (Princeton: Inst. for Advanced Study, 1951). REVS: CR n.s. III 1953 129 Cook | CW XLVI 1953 241-242 Robinson | Isis XLIII 1952 285-286 Sarton | JHM VIII 1953 101-102 Hendrickson | BA XXXIX 1954 90 Paribeni | JHS LXXIV 1954 225-226 Dunbabin | RFIC XXXIII 1955 326-331 Bendinelli | RA 1955 XLV 243-244 Béquignon | BHM XXVII 1953 86-88 Edelstein | CJ XLVII 1951 133 Highbarger | CPh XLVII 1952 254-256 Wycherley | Phoenix VI 1952 122 Graham | REG LXV 1952 231-233 Martin | AJA LVI 1952 222-224 Demangel | Archaeology IV 1951 190 Johnson; “The Economic Development of Ionia,” CP 48 (1953) 9-16; “A Prize Aryballos,” with M. Campbell Roebuck, Hesperia 24 (1955) 158-63; “Homer, the Ionian Background,” AJA 59 (1955) 175-6; “The Early Ionian League,” CP 50 (1955) 26-40; Ionian Trade and Colonization (New York: AIA, 1959). REVS: CPh LV 1960 263 Oost | Gnomon XXXII 1960 696-704 Hanfmann | Archaeology XIII 1960 293 Scranton | REG LXXIII 1960 232-237 Will | AHR LXV 1959-1960 652-653 Carpenter | REA LXII 1960 509-514 Gallet de Santerre | RFIC XXXIX 1961 209-213 Cassola | JHS LXXXI 1961 198-199 Graham | AJA LXV 1961 70-71 Jameson | CW LIV 1961 195 Erim | Phoenix XV 1961 176-178 White | VDI 1963 N 83 144-147 Borukhovič; “Tribal Organization in Ionia,” TAPA 92 (1961) 495-507; The World of Ancient Times (New York: Scribner's, 1966) REVS : Vergilius N 12 1966 53 Evans | CW LX 1967 210 Haywood | Phoenix XXI 1967 72 Guthrie | CPh LXII 1967 126 Frost | CJ LXII 1967 372-373 McGregor | Archaeology XX 1967 317-318 Graham | AJPh LXXXIX 1968 126-127 Oliver; “Some Aspects of Urbanization in Corinth,” Hesperia 41 (1972) 96-127; “Three Classes (?) in Early Attica,” Hesperia 43 (1974) 485-93; “Stasis in Sicily in the Seventh Century B.C., VI,” in Φιλίας χάριν. Miscellanea di studi classici in onore di Eugenio Manni, I-VI, ed. M.J. Fontana M. J., M.T. Piraino & F.P. Rizzo (Roma: Giorgio Bretschneider, 1980) 1921-30; “Chios in the Sixth Century B.C.,” Chios. A Conference at the Homereion in Chios 1984, ed. John Boardman & C.E. Vaphopoulou-Richardson (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986) 81-88; The Muses at Work. Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (ed.) (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1969). REVS : Isis LXI 1970 406-407 Snyder | AJA LXXV 1971 349-350 Moeller | AHR LXXVI 1971 748-749 Brilliant | NYRB XVI,10 1971 38 Finley | CR XXII 1972 261-262 Strong

    Kleine Schriften: Economy and Society in the Ancient World: Collected Essays (Chicago: Ares Publishers, 1979). 

  • Notes:

    Carl Roebuck's study with Homer Thompson led to four years of work at the ASCSA, where he worked under Oscar Broneer excavating Corinth and the north slope of the Acropolis. At Corinth he met his wife, Mary Campbell, a Bryn Mawr Ph.D.. His dissertation director was J.A.O. Larsen. He came to the United States in 1948 and was naturalized in 1952. Much of his work focussed on preclassical Corinth, Athens, and Ionia. He employed his archaeological expertise and discoveries along with literary evidence in the service of early Greek economic history made him a trailblazer in his field. His best-known work is Ionian Trade and Colonization, but he wrote two books that covered the wider ancient world, a widely used textbook, The Word of Ancient Times and The Muses at Work. He was a demanding but highly respected teacher and colleague. The Roebucks often spent summers in Greece and following retirement moved to Orcas Island, near Seattle. 

  • Sources:

    Carol Thomas, Association of Ancient Historians Newsletter  81 (March 2000) 3; WhAm (1980-1) 2807

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.