All Scholars

ROWLAND, Robert Joseph, Jr.

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  • Date of Birth: March 27, 1938
  • Born City: Shenandoah
  • Born State/Country: PA
  • Parents: Robert Joseph & Catherine M. Brennan R.
  • Date of Death: March 14, 2007
  • Death City: Philadelphia
  • Death State/Country: PA
  • Married: Carol
  • Education:

    B.A., La Salle College, 1959;  M.A., U. Pennsylvania, 1961; Ph.D., 1964. 

  • Dissertation:

    "Roman Grain Legislation, 133-50 B.C." (Pennsylvania, 1964).

  • Professional Experience:

    Part-time instr. LaSalle College, 1959-65; instr. Villanova, 1961-4; asst. prof. 1964-7; dir. Honors Program, 1965-7; asst. prof. classics, U. of Missouri, 1967-72; asst. prof. history, 1972-3; chair, ancient studies program, 1970-3; prof. history, 1973-84; prof. classics,  U. Maryland, 1984-91; chair, dept. classical studies, 1984-91; dir. Center for Archaeology, prof. classics & history, Loyola U. (New Orleans), 1991-2007; dean, College of Arts & Sciences, 1991-8; advisory council, AAR, 1967-91; president, CAMWS-Southern Section, 1982-4; ed., Augustan Age, 1981-91; president, CAAS, 1989-90, exec. sec., Vergilian Soc. Am., 1980-91; cavaliers Republic of Italy, 1994. 

  • Publications:

    “Juvenal's Lamiae. Note on Sat. IV.154,” CB 40 (1964) 75; “C. Gracchus and the Equites,” TAPA 96 (1965) 361-73; “The Number of Grain Recipients in the Late Republic,” AntHung 13 (1965) 81-83; “Crassus, Clodius, and Curio in the Year 59 B. C.,” Historia 15 (1966) 217-23; “A Survey of Selected Ciceronian Bibliography, 1953-1965,” CW 60 (1966) 51-65, 101-115; “Numismatic Propaganda under Cinna,” TAPA 97 (1966) 407-19; “The Conspiracy of Varro Murena,” CJ 62 (1967) 362-3; “Saturn, Saturninus, and the Socii,” CP 62 (1967) 185-9; “The Importance of Being Cloelius,” CW 61 (1967) 45; “Foreshadowing in Vergil, Aeneid, viii,714-728,” Latomus 27 (1968) 832-42; “The Date of Pompeius Strabo's Quaestorship,” CP 63 (1968) 213-14; “Cicero, ad Fam. 7.23,” CW 62 (1969) 437; “The Significance of Massilia in Lucan,” Hermes 97 (1969) 204-8; “M. Porcius the Wine Merchant,” Historia 18 (1969) 374-5; “The Italians and Saturninus,” CP 64 (1969) 38-40; “The Development of Opposition to C. Gracchus,” Phoenix23 (1969) 372-9; “The Patrick Question. An Hypothesis,” C&M 30 (1969) 383-4; “Grain for Slaves. A Note on Cato,De agri cultura,” CW 63 (1970) 229; “Cicero's necessarii,” CJ 65 (1970) 193-8; “Grain for Debtors. A Note on the Twelve Tables,” CW 73 (1970) 269; “Aeneas as a Hero in Twelfth-Century Ireland,” Vergilius 16 (1970) 29-32; “A New Use for the Heterodyne-Homodyne Theory,” RELO no. 4 (1971) 39-43; “Plutarch Romulus 14,” CW 65 (1972) 217; “Cicero and the Greek World,” TAPA 103 (1972) 451-61; “Onomasticon Sardorum Romanorum,” BN 8 (1973) 81-118; “Onomastic Remarks on Roman Sardinia,” Names 21(1973); “A Cinerary Urn in St. Louis,” AJA 75 (1974) 176; “Mortality in Roman Sardinia,” SS 22 (1971-2) 359-68; “Sardinians in the Roman Empire,” AncSoc 5 (1974) 223-9;  “The Biggest Island in the World,” CW 68 (1975) 438-9; “Onomasticon Sardorum Romanorum. Addenda,” BN 10 (1975) 172; “Marius' Bridges,” Historia 25 (1976) 252; “The ‘Very Poor’ and the Grain Dole at Rome and Oxyrhynchus,” ZPE 21 (1976) 69-72; “Isis in Roman Sardinia. Addenda to Malaise's Inventaire,” CP 71 (1976) 169-70; “Foreigners in Roman Britain,” AArchHung 28 (1976) 443-7; “Nero's Consular Colleagues. A Note,” AJAH 1 (1976) 190-1; “The Origins and Development of Cicero's Friendship with Pompey,” RSA 6-7 (1976-7) 329-41; “The Authenticity of CIL 3.224,” ZPE 26 (1977) 159-60; “Aristo and Mutumbal Ricoce,” BN 12 (1977) 286-7; “Onomasticon Sardorum Romanorum. Addenda additis,” BN 12 (1977) 420; “Some New Medici in the Roman Empire,” Epigraphica 39 (1977) 174-9; “A Survey of Selected Ciceronian Bibliography (1965-1974),” CW 71 (1978) 289-327; “A Unique (Roman?) Burial in Sardinia,” Antiquity 52 (1978) 149-50; “Another Anachronism in the Historia Augusta?,” LCM 2 (1977) 59; “Aspetti di continuità culturale nella Sardegna romana,” Latomus 36 (1977) 460-70; “Two Sardinian Notes,” ZPE 30 (1978) 166-72; “Caesar's Fear of Prosecution in 49 B.C.,” LCM 2 (1977) 165-6; I ritrovamenti romani in Sardegna, Studia archaeol. XXVIII (Roma: L'Erma, 1981). REVS: AEA LIV 1981 282-283 Jiménez Garnica | LEC L 1982 187 Stenuit | BJ CLXXXIII 1983 829-830 Kockel | Gnomon LV 1983 356-359 Angiolillo | ArchClass XXXIV 1982 248-250 Vismara; “A Sardinian Bronzetto in Syracuse,” LCM 7 (1982) 78-81; “Rome's Earliest Imperialism,” Latomus 42 (1983) 749-62; “Books of Lists. Observations on Vergil's Aeneid, Books VII-VIII,” AugAge 1 (1981-2) 20-25; “Beyond the Frontier in Punic Sardinia,” AJAH 7 (1982) 20-39; Studies in Sardinian Archaeology, ed. with M.S. Balmuth (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1984). REVS: TLS LXXXIII 1984 1131 Ridgway | CR XXXV 1985 413-414 Potter; “The Case of the Missing Sardinian Grain,” AncW 10 (1984) 45-8; “The Countryside of Roman Sardinia,” in Studies in Sardinian Archaeology, ed. with M.S. Balmuth (Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1984) 285-300; Teaching Classical Mythology ed. with Joseph F. O’Connor, APA Educational Pamphlet 5 (New York; APA, 1987); The Augustan Age: Vergil’s Rome and the American Experience (ed.) (College Park, MD: Vergilian Society of America, 1987);  “Postscript to a Unique (Roman?) Burial in Sardinia,” Antiquity 61 (1987) 461; “The Production of Sardinian Grain in the Roman Period,” AAPA (1987) 130; “The Archaeology of Roman Sardinia: A Selected Typological Inventory,” ANRW II, no. 11.1 (1988) 740-875; “Preliminary Etymological Observations on the Romanization of Sardinia,” AFLC n. s. 8 (1988) 243-7; “Appunti sulla romanizzazione attorno a Forum Traiani, VII,” in L'Africa romana: atti del VII Convegno di studio, Sassari 15-17 dicembre 1989, ed. Attilio Mastino (Sassari: Gallizzi, 1990) 533-6; “The Production of Sardinian Grain in the Roman Period,” MHR 5 (1990) 14-19; “Conservatism and Change in Roman Rural Sardinia, I,” with Stephen L. Dyson in L'Africa romana : atti del VII Convegno di studio, Sassari 15-17 dicembre 1989, ed. Attilio Mastino (Sassari: Gallizzi, 1990) 525-32; “Survey of Archaeology in Sardinia,” with Stephen L. Dyson) in Roman Landscapes: Archaeological Survey in the Mediterranean Region, ed. Graeme Barker & John Lloyd (London: British School at Rome, 1991) 54-61; “Continuity and Change in Roman Rural Sardinia: The Maryland-Wesleyan Survey,” with Stephen J. Dyson in Arte militare e architettura nuragica: Nuragic Architecture in Its Military, Territorial and Socio-Economic Context: Proceedings of the First International Colloquium on Nuragic Architecture at the Swedish Institute in Rome, 7-9 December 1989, ed. Barbro Santillo Frizell (Sävedalen: Åström; Stockholm: Svenska Institutet i Rom, 1991) 53-63; “Survey and Settlement Reconstruction in West-Central Sardinia,” with Stephen J. Dyson AJA 96 (1992) 203-24; Ductor Rhoeteius: Vergil, Aeneid 12.456,” in The Two Worlds of the Poet: New Perspectives on Vergil, ed. Robert M. Wilhelm & Howard Jones (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1992) 237-43; “When Did the Nuragic Period in Sardinia End?” in Sardinia antiqua: studi in onore di Piero Meloni in occasione del suo settantesimo compleanno(Cagliari: Ed. Della Torre, 1992) 165-75; “Caturo, not Caturon(i?)usBN 29-30 (1994-5) 355-7; “Survey Archaeology around Fordogianus (Forum Traiani), Sardinia,” with Stephen L. Dyson, in “Qui miscuit utile dulci: Festschrift Essays for Paul Lachlan MacKendrick, ed. Gareth L. Schmeling & Jon D. Mikalson (Wauconda, IL: Bolchazy-Carducci, 1998) 313-28; The Periphery in the Center: Sardinia in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds, BAR. International Series 970 (Oxford: Archaeopress, 2001); Archaeology and History in Sardinia from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages: Shepherds, Sailors, & Conquerors, with Stephen J. Dyson (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2007). REVS: AJA 2009 113 (4) 662-663 Robert H. Tykot | BMCRev 2009 (3) n.p. Catherine M. Draycott | JRA 2009 22 (2) 455-457 Peter A. R. Van Dommelen

  • Notes:

    Bob Rowland, Jr., was a prolific scholar, an avid golfer, an inspiring teacher, and a devoted friend and mentor to many. After writing his dissertation on grain laws, he expanded his scholarly purview to include a number of Roman authors particularly Cicero, Juvenal, Catullus, Plutarch, Cinna and his favorite author, Virgil, all the while deepening his studies of Roman legal and social history in the republican period. In his later career he maintained a steady publication record in the Roman authors, particularly Cicero, while becoming, with his occasional co-author Stephen Dyson, an internationally recognized authority on the history and culture of Sardinia. In recognition of his seven books and more than 100 articles and was made a Cavaliere (Knight) of the Republic of Italy in 1994. He was also a consultant in Roman history for the Discovery Channel. Bob also took a keen interest in the current and future state of the profession. He recognized early on the potential of computing for classicists and wrote a helpful pamphlet for the APA on the subject, which ultimately led to membership in the Editorial Boards of both De Imperatoribus Romanis ( and the onlineEncyclopedia of the Roman Provinces ( He was an enthusiastic and engaging teacher who saw history as a succession of stories that could instruct and entertain. When his stint as dean at Loyola was completed, he happily returned to the classroom. He also played an active role in numerous professional organizations with ties in both America and Italy, particularly the Virgilian Society and the American Academy in Rome. He was happy to serve organizations of any size be it the APA, for which he served on many committees, or CAMWS or the Society for the Preservation of the Greek Heritage, the Washington Classical Society, the Classical Association of Virginia. He also served on numerous local organizations in the three academic homes of Columbia, MO, College Park, MD, and New Orleans. All of his service to the profession garnered him admiration and loyalty among classicists while his ability to administer with fairness and foresight put him in high regard with colleagues in many fields. Off campus, Bob constantly perfected his golf game, which he approached with the same hearty zest and dogged application that marked his professional career. As a colleague put it, he was “a man who knew that life was as much for fun as it was for work.”

  • Sources:

    T. Davina McClain, APA Newsletter (June 2007) 10-11; Henry V. Bender, CW 100 (2007) 448-9

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.