All Scholars

SALMON, Edward Togo

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  • Date of Birth: May 29, 1905
  • Born City: London
  • Born State/Country: England
  • Parents: Edward Holmwood & Florence Lowen S.
  • Date of Death: May 11, 1988
  • Death City: Hamilton
  • Death State/Country: ON
  • Married: Marina Teodora Popescu, 22 Aug. 1930.
  • Education:

    B.A. U. Sydney, 1925; study at Brit. School at Rome, 1927-9; B.A. Cambridge, 1927; M.A., 1932; Ph.D., 1933; D.L.H. Acadia U., 1964; Wilfrid Laurier U., 1973; McMaster, 1975; U. Sydney, 1982; LL.D. U. Windsor, 1972; U. Alberta, 1980.

  • Dissertation:

    "Studies in Pre-Gracchan Colonization" (Cambridge, 1933).

  • Professional Experience:

    Radio news commentator CKOC (Hamilton, ON), 1939-55; asst. to asso. prof, class. McMaster, 1930-44; prof. anc. hist., 1944-54; Messecan prof. hist. & head of dept., 1954-61; princ. Univ. Coll., Toronto, 1961-66; vice-pres. academic (arts), 1967-8; univ. orator, 1972-4; prof.-in-charge, Intercoll. Class. Center, Rome, 1969-72; pres. Acad. Hum. & Soc. Sc., RSC, 1957-8; APA, 1971-2; Canadian Academic Centre in Italy, 1978; Goodwin Award, 1968.

  • Publications:

    "The Pax Caudina," JRS 19 (1929) 12-18; "Historical Elements in the Story of Coriolanus," CQ 24 (1930) 96-101; "The Battle of Ausculum," PBSR 12 (1933) 45-51; "The Last Latin Colony," CQ 27 (1933) 30-5; "Rome's Battles with Etruscans and Gauls: 284-282 B.C.," CP 30 (1935) 23-31; "Catiline, Crassus, and Caesar," AJP 56 (1935) 302-16; "Trajan's Conquest of Dacia," TAPA 67 (1936) 83-105; History of the Roman World from 30 B.C. to A.D. 138 (London & New York, 1944; 6th ed., 1968); "The Political Views of Horace," Phoenix 1 (1946-7) 7-14; "Horace's Ninth Satire," Studies Norwood, 184-93; "Rome and the Latins," Phoenix 7 (1953) 93-104, 123-35; "Roman Expansion and Roman Colonization in Italy," Phoenix 9 (1955) 63-75; "The Evolution of Augustus' Principate," Historia 5 (1956) 456-78; "The Resumption of Hostilities after the Caudine Forks," TAPA 87 (1956) 98-108; "Hannibal's Mar. on Rome," Phoenix 11 (1957) 153-63; "The Roman Army and the Disintegration of the Roman Empire" (presidential address), TRSC 52 (1958) 11:43-57; "Notes on the Social War," TAPA 89 (1958) 159-84; "The Roman Army and the Disintegration of the Roman Empire" (presidential address), TRSC 52 (1958) 43-57; "The Cause of the Social War," Phoenix 16 (1962) 107-19; "Colonial Foundations during the Second Sam-nite War," CP 58 (1963) 235-8; "Sulla Redux," Athenaeum 42 (1964) 60-79; Samnium and the Samnites (Cambridge & Toronto, 1967; Ital. trans., // Sannio e i Sanniti [Torino, 1985]); Roman Colonization under the Republic (London, 1969); The Nemesis of Imperialism (Oxford, 1974); "New Nationalisms and Old," TRSC 13 (1975) IV:171-85; Augustus the Patrician, Todd Memorial Lecture no. 8 (Sydney, 1972); The Making of Roman Italy (London, 1982). Festschrift: Polis and Imperium: Studies in Honour of Edward Togo Salmon, ed. J. A. S. Evans (Toronto, 1974). Bibliography: A.G. McKay, Polis and Imperium, 3-9. 

  • Notes:

    Salmon towered over his contemporaries in Canada as scholar, teacher, and administrator during his long service at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Memorials of his career as teacher of excellence, international scholar, and constructive university leader are legion, not least in Togo Salmon Hall, an arts building whose construction he oversaw as university administrator. Named after the Japanese admiral who sank the Russian fleet on 29 May 1905, "Togo" spent his formative years in Sydney, Australia, and at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He was captivated by the landscape and the shadowy history of the Samnite people. A Cambridge dissertation and a Goodwin Award for Samnium and the Samnites ensued. He was gifted as a lecturer, expert in leadership in two departments of his university, and in the wider community of classicists and ancient historians in North America honors and offices came to him in profusion. He was respected and admired by his peers worldwide and was cherished by battalions of students and friends. Memories of Togo Salmon, of the man and of his career, remain green and inspirational not only in North America but in his cherished Italy where, because he had been named an honorary citizen of Boiano (Bovianum), students in Latin and ancient history compete annually for a premio which bears his name. The Professor E. Togo Salmon Roman Studies Fund, established in 1991 through the intervention of his widow, Marina Salmon, as a testamentary gift from his estate and valued at approximately $1 million, is designed to further research at McMaster in the history, languages, culture, and art of the Roman Empire prior to A.D. 500.

  • Sources:

    CanWhWh (1986) 1158; A.G. McKay, TRSC, ser. 5, 4 (1989) 425-8.

  • Author: Alexander G. McKay