North American Scholar

SANDERS, Henry Arthur

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1868-10-22
  • Born City: Livermore
  • Born State/Country: ME
  • Parents: Livermore, ME, to John & Luretta Gibbs
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1956-11-16
  • Death City: Ann Arbor
  • Death State/Country: MI
  • Married: Charlotte lone Poyner, 12 Feb. 1913.
  • Education:

    A.B. U. Michigan, 1890; A.M., 1894; study at Berlin, 1895-6; Ph.D. Munich, 1897; L.H.D. Colby Coll., 1940.

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. Lat. U. Michigan, 1893-5; U. Minnesota, 1897-9; instr. to prof. Lat. U. Michigan, 1899-1939; chair dept. speech & gen. ling., 1932-9; acting prof. Lat. U. Illinois, 1942; pres. APA, 1936-7; ed. U. Michigan Studies (Humanistic Series); actng dir. Sch. Class. Stud. AAR, 1915-6; prof.-in-chge., 1928-31.

  • Dissertation:

    "Die Quellencontamination im 21. und 22. Buche des Livius T. 1" (Munich, 1897); printed (Berlin, 1897).

  • Publications:

    Roman Historical Sources and Institutions (New York, 1904); "The Oxyrhynchus Epitome of Livy and Reinhold's Lost Chronicon," TAPA 36 (1905) 5-31; "Age and Ancient Home of the Biblical Manuscripts in the Freer Collection," AJA 13 (1909) 130-41; Roman History and Mythology (New York, 1910); The Old Testament Manuscripts in the Freer Collection (New York, 1910); The Washington Manuscript of Deuteronomy and Joshua (New York, 1910); The Washington Manuscript of the Four Gospels (New York, 1912); "Hoskiers' Genesis of the Versions," AJP 33 (1912) 30-42; The Washington Manuscript of the Psalms (New York, 1917); The Washington Manuscript of the Epistles of Paul (New York, 1918); The New Manuscripts in the Freer Collection (New York & London, 1918); "A Latin Document from Egypt," TAPA 55 (1924) 21-34; "An Early Papyrus Fragment of the Gospel of Matthew in the Michigan Collection," HThR 19 (1926) 215-26; F. W. Kelsey, Latin and Greek in American Education, rev. Sanders (New York, 1927); "The Birth Certificate of a Roman Citizen," CP 22 (1927) 409-12; The Minor Prophets in the Freer Collection and the Berlin Fragment of Genesis, ed. with Carl Schmidt (New York & London, 1927); "The Kalendarium Again," CP 23 (1928) 250-7; "Papyrus 1804 in the Michigan Collection," Studies Rolfe, 265-83; "The So-Called First Triumvirate," MAAR 10 (1932) 55-68; The Text of Acts in MS. 146 of the University of Michigan, ed. with Johanna Ogden (Philadelphia, 1937); "A Latin Marriage Contract," TAPA 69 (1938) 104-16; "The Beginnings of the Modern Book: The Codex of the Classical Era," U. Michigan Quarterly Rev. (Winter 1938) 95-111; "P. Aberdeen 61," CP 36 (1941) 63-4; "The Origin of the Third Cyrenaic Legion," AJP 62 (1941) 84-7; "Suetonius in the Civil Service under Hadrian," AJP 65 (1944) 113-23; Latin Papyri in the University of Michigan Collection. Michigan Papyri VII, ed. with James E. Dunlap (Ann Arbor & London, 1947).

  • Notes:

    Henry A. Sanders began his career as a historian with an interest in Livy. He edited two books of essays on Roman history, contributing about half the total of Roman Historical Sources and Institutions (on the Tarpeia myth and the lost epitome of Livy) and collecting the essays of four of his students, the most important being John Garrett Winter, for Roman History and Mythology. Interest in the Oxyrhynchus Epitome of Livy led him further into the field of papyrology and he ultimately played a major role in developing and publishing the great Michigan collection of papyri. His great work was the final edition of Michigan papyri, comprising 37 mostly documentary papyri, 35 of which he painstakingly edited. They demonstrate how widespread was the use of Latin in Egypt in legal papers. The remains were more than usually fragmentary and the condition of the materials, the number of different hands employed and the lack of a body of similar papyri tested Sanders' diligence and patience to the full. He also edited the significant manuscripts of Biblical books dating to the fifth & sixth centuries bought in Egypt in 1906 by Charles L. Freer.

  • Sources:

    WhAm 3:754.

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.