North American Scholar

SANFORD, Eva Matthews

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1894-07-06
  • Born City: Nebraska City
  • Born State/Country: NE
  • Parents: Edgar Lewis & Anna Eugenia Munson
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1954-03-26
  • Death City: Roanoke
  • Death State/Country: VA
  • Education:

    A.B. Radcliffe, 1916; M.A. Harvard, 1922; Ph.D., 1923; study at Yale, 1917-9; Whitney trav. fell. AAR, 1923-4.

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. to asst. prof. Flora Stone Mather Coll., Western Reserve U., 1925-37; asst. prof, to prof. hist. Sweet Briar, 1937-54; section ed., Commentary on Latin Authors 1300-1600 A.D., Bibliographical Guide to Mediaeval and Renaissance Commentaries and Translations of Classical Authors; Fulbright Scholar, 1950; consulting ed., Corpus of Roman Law.

  • Dissertation:

    "Quibus rationibus auctorum Latinorum opera in libris manuscriptis collecta sint" (Harvard, 1923).

  • Publications:

    "The Use of Classical Latin Authors in the Libri Manuales," TAPA 55 (1924) 199-248; "Quotations from Lucan in Medieval Latin Authors," AJP 55 (1924) 1-19; "Contrasting Views of the Roman Empire," AJP 58 (1927) 437-56; "Some Literary Interests of Fifteenth Century German Students," TAPA 59 (1928) 72-98; "Alba Ligustra," CP 24 (1929) 91-2; "Disiectae Membra Poetriae" CP 24 (1929) 93; Salvian of Marseilles. On the Government of God (trans.) (New York, 1930); "Lucan and his Roman Critics," CP 26 (1931) 233-57; "Lucan and Civil War," CP 28 (1933) 121-9; "Propaganda and Censorship in the Transmission of Josephus," TAPA 66 (1935) 127-45; "The Eastern Question in Lucan's Bellum Civile," Studies Rand 255-264; The Mediterranean World in Ancient Times (New York, 1938; rev. ed., 1951); "The Career of Aulus Gabinius," TAPA 70 (1939) 64-92; "The Verbum Abbreviatum of Petrus Cantor," TAPA 74 (1943) 33-48; "Honorius and the Wheel of Fortune," CP 42 (1947) 251-3; "Renaissance Commentaries on Juvenal," TAPA 79 (1948) 92-112; "Giovanni Tortelli's Commentary on Juvenal," TAPA 82 (1951) 207-18; "Gaspare Veronese, Humanist and Teacher," TAPA 84 (1953) 190-209.

  • Notes:

    Eva Matthews Sanford produced a number of important works in a remarkably wide number of fields. Her textbook The Mediterranean World in Ancient Times was widely used and reprinted in 1951. Essentially a medievalist who spent her Fulbright year studying manuscripts of Juvenal in European libraries, she was section editor for commentaries on Latin authors for the Bibliographical Guide to Mediaeval and Renaissance Commentaries and Translations of Classical Authors. Clyde Pharr enlisted her as a consulting editor for his Corpus Iuris Romani. When she died she had nearly completed a translation of a portion of St. Augustine's De civitate Dei for the Loeb Library. Her obituary in AHistR described her as "an indefatigable scholar who pursued her interest with energy and at the same time with the greatest care and exactitude."

  • Sources:

    AmHistR 59 (1953-4) 1081; DAS 1942:722-3; NYTimes (27 Mar. 1954) 17.

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.