All Scholars

SCHUMAN, Verne Brinson

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  • Date of Birth: July 14, 1902
  • Born City: Rolla
  • Born State/Country: MO
  • Date of Death: July 20, 1988
  • Death City: Bloomington
  • Death State/Country: IN
  • Married: Edith Boyer, 22 Apr. 1933.
  • Education:

    A.B. William Jewell Coll. (Liberty, MO), 1924; A.M. Indiana U., 1926; study at Berlin, 1928; Ph.D. U. Michigan, 1937.

  • Dissertation:

    "Tax Rolls from Karanis" (Michigan, 1937); printed Michigan Papyri, vol. 4, ed. H. C. Youtie, with Schuman & O. M. Pearl (Ann Arbor, 1936) 129-334

  • Professional Experience:

    Tutor Lat. Indiana U., 1924-5; Lat. & Gk., 1925-6; instr. Lat. & Gk., 1926-7; staff, U. Michigan Near Eastern Res. Unit (Fayoum) 1927-31; instr. to prof. Lat. Indiana U., 1935-67; actng. chair dept., 1949-50, 1955.

  • Publications:

    Medical Terminology (Bloomington, IN, 1942; rev. 1957); "The Greek Signatures of P. Mich. Inv. 4703," TAPA 74 (1943) 202-4; "Two Greek Ostraca," TAPA 75 (1944) 68-70; "Two Unpublished Inscriptions from the South Temple Area of Karanis," Hesperia 16 (1947) 261-71; "The Indiana University Papyri," CP 43 (1948) 110-5; "Three Accounting Terms of Roman Egypt," CP 44 (1949) 236-9; "The Seven-Obol Drachma of Roman Egypt," CP 47 (1952) 214-8; "The Basis of Accounting Practices in the Karanis Tax Rolls," Ægyptus 32 (1952) 241-52; "The Leaden Coinage of Roman Egypt," CE 28 (1953) 356-61; "Life from the Desert Sand," CJ 52 (1957) 179-87; "Taxes in Kind in Roman Egypt," Studi in onore di Aristide Calderini e Roberto Partbeni (Milan, 1957) 2:301-6; "Unresolved Abbreviations in Karanis Tax Rolls," Ægyptus 39 (1959) 224-5; "A Second-Century Treatise on Egyptian Priests and Temples," HThR 53 (1960) 159-70; "Light on Taxes In Kind in Roman Egypt," Proc. IX Int. Cong. Pap. (Oslo, 1961) 25-6; "A Greek Inscription from Karanis," CE 37 (1962) 163-6; "Pour le versement à Alexandre," CE 38 (1963) 315-7; "Lillian Gay Berry, Teacher of Latin, Lover of Learning," The Review 5,3 (May 1963) 25-8; "Issuance of Tax Receipts in Roman Egypt," CE 38 (1963) 306-14; "Letter to a Xystarch," Essays in Honor of C. Bradford Welles, American Studies in Papyrology 1 (1966) 19-23; "P.Gen. inv. 108 and P. Oslo 111," RecPap 4 (1967) 171-3; "Five Giessen Papyri," BASP 4 (1967) 1-13; "An Archive in the Old Style," BASP 9 (1972) 71-84; "The Meaning of ἔπαιτον and the Measurement of Grain," CE 50 (1975) 274-84; "The Income of the Office of the ΠΡΑΚΤΟΡΕΣ ΑΡΓΥΡΙΚΩΝ of Karanis A.D. 172-173," BASP 12 (1975) 23-58; "P. Col. 1 Verso 3, Cols. 1-7," BASP 15 (1978) 221-4; "The 'Rate' of the Prosdiagraphomena," BASP 16 (1979) 125-30; Washington University Papyri I: Non-Literary Texts (Chico, CA, 1980); "P. Mich. IV. A Commentary," Archiv für Papyrus-forschung 29 (1983) 41-57.

  • Notes:

    As a result of his work on the staff of the Egyptian excavation, Schuman became involved in the study of Greek papyri and, after study at the University of Berlin, he edited the Tax Rolls from Karanis. These papyri, which document the Roman administration of Egypt, shed important light on the social and economic history of the Roman Empire. Problems in ancient accountancy occupied a good deal of Schuman's scholarly research, and he devised a theory to explain apparent discrepancies in the tax receipts on the basis of different valued coinages of the same generic name. He maintained his controversial theory of the 7-obol drachma throughout his scholarly career. During his 41 years on the faculty of Indiana University, Schuman taught many students, both undergraduate and graduate, in a wide range of courses. After the graduate program was expanded to the Ph.D. degree in 1960, Schuman had the opportunity to teach his specialty. He left his mark on undergraduate education with his revision and direction of the course in medical terminology. His major innovation in teaching this course was suggested to him by his wife, Edith Boyer Schuman, M.D. One of the greatest difficulties medical students had in listening to lectures was to take down correctly the terms used by professors. Schuman devised a course that had a strong emphasis on oral skills, rather than on the mere rote learning of meanings. The course continues to follow this direction today.

  • Sources:

    DAS 1982:473; James W. Halporn, APA Newsletter (Aug. 1989) 15.

  • Author: James W. Halporn