North American Scholar

TAYLOR, Lily Ross

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1886-08-12
  • Born City: Auburn
  • Born State/Country: AL
  • Parents: William Dana & Mary Forte Ross T.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1969-11-18
  • Death City: Bryn Mawr
  • Death State/Country: PA
  • Education:

    A.B. U. Wisconsin, 1906; Litt.D., 1950; study at AAR, 1909-10; fell. Arch. AAR, 1917, 1919-20; Ph.D. Bryn Mawr, 1912; D.Litt. Wilson Coll., 1944; Mills Coll., 1947; Columbia, 1954; Smith Coll., 1961.

  • Professional Experience:

    Reader, Bryn Mawr, 1910-2; instr. to prof. Lat. Vassar, 1912-27; Red Cross work in Italy & Balkans, 1918-9; prof. Lat. Bryn Mawr, 1927-52; chair dept., 1927-42; dean grad. sch., 1942-52; Sather prof., 1946-7; prof.-in-chge. class, sect. AAR, 1934-5, 1952-5; natl. lctr. Phi Beta Kappa, 1956-7; del. Nat. Comm. UNESCO, 1956-8; vis. prof. Lat. Harvard, 1959; Bryn Mawr, 1960-1; U. Wisconsin, 1962-3; Jerome lctr. U. Michigan & AAR, 1964-5; mem. IAS, 1959; pres. APA, 1941-2; trustee, Wellesley Coll., 1943-9; Guggenheim fell., 1952, 1960; Achievement Award Am. Assn. Am. Women, 1952; Goodwin Award, 1962; Cultori di Roma Gold Medal of the City of Rome, 1962; mem. APhS; fell. AAAS; hon. mem. Soc. Promo. Rom. Stud.; corr. fell. British Academy; corr. mem. Pontificia Accademia di Archeologia; Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften.

  • Dissertation:

    "The Cults of Ostia" (Bryn Mawr, 1912); printed, Bryn Mawr College Monograph Series II (1912).

  • Publications:

    "The Worship of Augustus in Italy in his Lifetime," TAPA 51 (1920) 116-133; "The Altar of Manlius in the Lateran," AJA 25 (1921) 387-395; Local Cults in Etruria, Papers and Monographs of the American Academy in Rome 2 (Rome, 1923); "Horace's Equestrian Career," AJP 46 (1925) 161-70; "Tiberius' Refusals of Divine Honors," TAPA 60 (1929) 87-100; The Divinity of the Roman Emperor, APA Philol. Monogr. 1 (Middletown, CT, 1931); "New Light on the History of the Secular Games," AJP 55 (1934) 101-20; "On the Chronology of Cicero's Letters to Atticus, Book XIII," CP 32 (1937) 228-40; "The Opportunities for Dramatic Performances in the Time of Plautus and Terence," TAPA 68 (1937) 284-304; General Index, An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome, Vols. 1-5, Tenney Frank, gen. ed., with T. R. S. Broughton, A. A. Boyce, et al. (Baltimore, 1940); "Caesar's Early Career," CP 36 (1941) 113-32; "Caesar's Colleagues in the Pontifical College," AJP 63 (1942) 385-412; "The Election of the Pontifex Maximus in the Late Republic," CP 37 (1942) 421-4; "Caesar and the Roman Nobility," TAPA 73 (1942) 1-24; Party Politics in the Age of Caesar, Sather Classical Lectures 22 (Berkeley & Los Angeles, 1949); "The Order of the Two Consuls in the Yearly Lists," with T. R. S. Broughton, MAAR 19 (1949) 1-14; "Degrassi's Edition of the Consular and Triumphal Fasti," CP 45 (1950) 84-95; "New Indications of Augustan Editing in the Capitoline Fasti," CP 46 (1951) 73-80; "On the Chronology of Caesar's First Consulship," AJP 72 (1951) 254-68; "Lucretius on the Roman Theater," in Studies Norwood, 147-55; "Objectives of the Graduate School," Journal of Higher Education 23 (1952) 18-23; "Trebula Sufenas and the Plautii Silvani," MAAR 24 (1956) 9-30; "In Praise of Curiosity," Boston University Graduate Journal 8 (1959) 35-43; The Voting Districts of the Roman Republic: The Thirty-five Urban and Rural Tribes, Papers and Monographs of the American Academy in Rome, 20 (Rome, 1960); "Freedmen and Freeborn in the Epitaphs of Imperial Rome," AJPh 82 (1961) 113-32; "Forerunners of the Gracchi," JRS 52 (1962) 19-27; "Magistrates of 55 B.C. in Cicero's Pro Plancio and Catullus 52," Athenaeum 42 (1964) 12-28; Roman Voting Assemblies from the Hannibalic War to the Dictatorship of Caesar, Jerome Lectures, 8th Series (Ann Arbor, 1966); "Republican and Augustan Writers Enrolled in the Equestrian Centuries," TAPA 99 (1968) 466-86; "The Dating of Major Legislation and Elections in Caesar's First Consulship," Historia 17 (1968) 173-98; "Seating Space in the Roman Senate and the Senatores Pedarii," with R. T. Scott, TAPA 100 (1969) 529-82.

  • Notes:

    Lily Ross Taylor was a brilliant teacher, scholar, and educational administrator, famous for her studies in Roman history, institutions, and religion, and a person with a gift for friendship whose unflagging energy and whose vivid and outgoing personality won an immediate response from people of all interests and ages. Born of old Southern stock, she majored first in mathematics and then in classics. She pursued advanced studies in Roman history and literature at Bryn Mawr College under Professors Tenney Frank and Arthur Wheeler. A year at the ASCSR initiated her into Roman topography and religion, and aroused her lifelong love of Rome and Italy. She died in a motor accident near her home still in full possession of her physical and intellectual powers, and still an actively productive scholar. Her published works include seven books, over 70 articles, and more than 60 reviews. The whole is a remarkably consistent achievement, each item connected with and contributing to the advances in Roman studies in her time. Her work on The Cults of Ostia prepared her to contribute The Local Cults of Etruria to the American Academy series on regional cults in Italy. Rising interest in ruler worship, both Hellenistic and Roman, called forth The Divinity of the Roman Emperor. The close connection between Roman religious institutions and Roman public life made the transition to political studies easy and natural, and the need for further analysis of the conditions of Caesar's rise to power was the challenge met in her Sather Lectures on Party Politics in the Age of Caesar; and this in turn led to a comprehensive study of a long neglected basic institution, the tribe, in The Voting Districts of the Roman Republic, based on masses of new evidence and her familiarity with the land of Italy. A new identification of a major voting area, the Saepta, the forms revealed by the Comitium and the Curia of Cosa, and the description in the bronze tablet of Heba of how centuries were combined for voting purposes, presented the new evidence exploited in Roman Voting Assemblies, her Jerome Lectures, and gave us our most precise description of the procedures in the various Roman assemblies. At the time of her death she was planning a work on the role of the Roman Senate in domestic and foreign policy. In addition, after the death of Tenney Frank in 1939, she took the leading part in planning and preparing, as a tribute to him, the General Index, Economic Survey of Ancient Rome, vols. 1-5 (Baltimore, 1940).

  • Sources:

    T. Robert S. Broughton, Studi Romani 10 (1962) 369-72; idem, The Year Book of the American Philosophical Society (1970) 172-79; idem, Gnomon 42 (1970) 734-35; idem, "Lily Ross Taylor," Classical Scholarship: A Biographical Encyclopedia, ed. Ward W. Briggs, Jr. & William M. Calder III (New York, 1990), 454-61; K. von Fritz, Jahrb. Bay. Akad. Wiss. (1971) 1-4; Giancarlo Susini, RPAA 42 (1969-70) 41-5; WhAm 5:714.Bibliography: Lily Ross Taylor. A Bibliography. Compiled for the celebration of her eightieth birthday, 12 August 1966 (Bryn Mawr, 1966).

  • Author: T. Robert S. Broughton