North American Scholar

TOLMAN, Herbert Cushing

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1865-11-04
  • Born City: South Scituate
  • Born State/Country: MA
  • Parents: James, a tack manufacturer, & Mary T. Briggs T.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 1923-11-24
  • Death City: Nashville
  • Death State/Country: TN
  • Married: Mary Beldin Wells, 26 Aug. 1891.
  • Education:

    A.B. Yale, 1888; Ph.D., 1890; study at Berlin, 1896; Munich, 1905; D.D. Peabody Coll., 1901; S.T.D. Hobart, 1913; LL.D. U. Nashville, 1914; U. Louisville, 1917.

  • Professional Experience:

    Asst. Indo-European languages, Yale, 1891; instr. Lat. U. Wisconsin, 1891-2; asst. prof. Sanskr., 1892-3; prof. Sanskr. & actng. prof. Gk. U. North Carolina, 1893-4; prof. Gk. Vanderbilt, 1894-1923; dean Coll. Arts & Sci., 1914-23.

  • Dissertation:

    "De gerundivo Latino atque modo infinitivo Sanscrito," (Yale, 1890).

  • Publications:

    "The Cuneiform Inscriptions on the Monuments of the Achaemenides" (trans.), Trans. Wise. Acad. Sci., Arts, & Letters 8 (1892) 241-73; Selections from Latin Authors (Madison, WI, 1892); The Gospel of Matthew in Greek, ed. with Alexander Kerr (Chicago, 1892); A Grammar of the Old Persian Language (Boston, 1892); A Guide to the Old Persian Inscriptions (New York, 1893); Eight Books of Caesar's Gallic War, with W. Rainey Harper (New York, 1893); Five Books of Caesar's Gallic War, with W. Rainey Harper (New York, 1895); Herodotus and the Empires of the East, with J. H. Stevenson (New York, 1899); The Art of Translating (Boston, 1901); Urbs Beata: A Vision of the Perfect Life (Milwaukee, 1902); Mycenaean Troy, with G. C. Scoggin (New York, 1903); Via Crucis: The Lesson of Holy Week (Milwaukee, 1907); Ancient Persian Lexicon and the Texts of the Achaemenidean Inscriptions (New York, 1908); Four Books of Caesar's Gallic War, with W. Rainey Harper (New York, 1908); Darius. The Behistan Inscription of King Darius (trans. & comm.) (Nashville, 1908); Cuneiform Supplement to the Author's Ancient Persian Lexicon (New York, 1910); "The Turfan Fragments on the Crucifixion," StudPhil 14 (1917) 293-7.

  • Notes:

    Tolman was a rare figure: a teacher as well as preacher, a respected scholar and a successful administrator. After graduating with high honors as an undergraduate and receiving a Ph.D. from Yale, Tolman was an assistant to W. D. Whitney. Though devoted to teaching and administration, he produced many books. He founded the Vanderbilt Oriental Series and edited the first nine volumes. He was an associate editor of World's Progress in 10 volumes. At the University of Wisconsin he studied theology and published three books on religion. In 1895 he was ordained a deacon and priest, serving the church in addition to his academic duties.

  • Sources:

    Edward Lee Johnson, DAB 18:576-7; In Memoriam Herbert Cushing Tolman (Nashville, 1923); NatCAB 9:419; 26:198; WhAm 1:1244.

  • Author: Ward W. Briggs, Jr.