North American Scholar

WATKINS, Calvert Ward

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  • Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD): 1933-03-13
  • Born City: Pittsburgh
  • Born State/Country: PA
  • Parents: Ralph James, an economist and government adviser, and Willye Ward W.
  • Date of Death (YYYY-MM-DD): 2013-03-20
  • Death City: Los Angeles
  • Death State/Country: CA
  • Married: Jane Williams Cushman, May 5, 1961; Stephanie Jamison, 1980.
  • Education:

    B.A. Harvard (summa cum laude) 1954; Ph.D. (Jr. Soc. Fellows; Linguistics) 1959; studied at École pratique des Hautes-Études, Paris, 1954-55; Dublin Inst. For Advanced Studies, 1957-8.

  • Professional Experience:

    Instr. Harvard, 1959; asst. prof. 1960-62; asso. prof. 1962-6; chair, dept. linguistics, 1963-6, 1969-70, 1971-72, 1985-91; prof. ling. & classics, 1966-89; Victor S. Thomas Prof. Linguistics & Classics, 1989-2003; vis. prof. School of Celtic Studies, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1961-62 & 1981; fellow, Center for the Advanced Study if Behavioral Science, 1966-67; overseas fellow, Churchill College, Cambridge, 1970-71; Linguistic Society of America Collita Professor at Salzburg, 1979; vis. Prof. École normale, U. Sorbonne, 1983; Professor-in-Residence, UCLA, 2003-13; NEH fellow, 1984-85; Guggenheim fellow, 1991-2. Hon. Mem. Royal Irish Academy, 1968, fell. American Academy of Arts & Sciences, 1973; mem. American Philosophical Society, 1975; corresp. Fellow British Academy, 1987; president, Linguistic Society of America, 1988; member associe, Acad. des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1999, Goodwin Award, APA, 1998; Gaisford lecturer, classics, Oxford, 2000; pres. Linguistic Soc. Am., 1989.

  • Dissertation:

    "Studies in the Indo-European Origins of the Celtic Verb. 1. The Sigmatic Aorist" (Harvard, 1959); revised and published as Indo-European Origins of the Celtic Verb: 1. The Sigmatic Aorist (Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1962).

  • Publications:

    "Review of Kenneth Jackson, Language and History in Early Britain: A Chronological Survey of the Britannic Languages, First to Twelfth Century A.D.," Language 30 (1954) 513-18;  P. Guiraud, Bibliographie critique de la statistique linguistique rev. & completed by D. Houchin, J. Puhvel & Watkins under the direction of J. Whatmough (Utrecht, 1954). REVS: BSL L 1954,2 44-46 Cohen; Emerita XXIV 1956 187 Tovar; "The Phonemics of Gaulish: The Dialect of Narbonensis," Language 31 (1955) 9-19; "Preliminaries to a Historical and Comparative Analysis of the Syntax of the Old Irish Verb," Celtica 6 (1963) 1-49; "Indo-European Metrics and Archaic Irish Verse," Celtica 6 (1963) 194-249; “Lat. nox, by night. A Problem in Syntactic Reconstruction,” Symbolae linguisticae in honorem J. Kuryłowicz, ed. A. Heinz (Wrocław, 1965) 351-358; “An Indo-European Construction in Greek and Latin,” HSCP 71 (1966) 115-119; J. Kuryłowicz, Indogermanische Grammatik, III, 1. Teil : Formenlehre : Geschichte der indogermanischen Verbalflexion by Watkins (Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1969) REV. Paideia XXX 1975 382-386 Pisani; WZHalle XXI 1972, 1 99-102 Barschel | DLZ XCII 1971 849-851 Sternemann | Language XLVIII 1972 687-695 Wyatt; "The Indo-European Origin of English," The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language New York: American Heritage and Houghton Mifflin, 1969) xix-xx; "Indo-European and the Indo Europeans," ibid., 1496-502; "Indo-European Roots," ibid., 1505-50; “A Latin-Hittite Etymology,” Language 45 (1969) 235-242; “A Further Remark of Lachmann's Law,” HSCP 74 (1970) 55-65; “On the Family of arceō, ἀρκέω, and Hittite h⌣ark-,” HSCP 74 (1970) 67-74; “An Indo-European Agricultural Term, Latin ador, Hittite h⌣at-,” HSCP 77 (1973) 187-194; “Etyma Enniana,” HSCP 77 (1973) 195-206; “Latin suppus,” JIES 1 (1973) 394-399; “I.-E. Star,” Sprache 20 (1974) 10-14; “God,” Antiquitates Indogermanicae. Studien zur indogermanischen Altertumskunde und zur Sprach- und Kulturgeschichte der indogermanischen Völker. Gedenkschrift für Hermann Guentert zur 25. Wiederkehr seines Todestages am 23. April 1973, ed. M. Mayrhofer, W. Meid, B. Schlerath & R. Schmitt (Innsbruck, 1974) 101-110; “La famille indo-européenne de grec ὄρχις. Linguistique, poétique et mythologie,” BSL 70 (1975) 11-26; “Latin ador, Hittite hat- Again. Addenda to HSCP LXXVII 187-193,” HSCP 79 (1975) 181-187; “Latin iouiste et le vocabulaire religieux indo-européen,” Mélanges offerts à E. Benveniste (Paris, 1975) 527-534; “La désignation indo-européenne du tabou,” Langue, discours, société. Pour Émile Benveniste ed. J. Kristeva, J.C. Milner, & N. Ruwet (Paris, 1975) 208-214; "Towards Proto-Indo-European Syntax: Problems and Pseudo-Problems," Chicago Linguistic Society (Parasession on diachronic syntax) 12.2 (1976) 305-26;  “Observations on the Nestor's Cup Inscription,” HSCP 80 (1976) 25-40; “Syntax and Metrics in the Dipylon Vase Inscription,” Studies in Greek, Italic, and Indo-European Linguistics Offered to Leonard R. Palmer on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday June 5, 1976, ed. Davies A. Morpurgo & W. Meid (Innsbruck, 1976) 431-441; “À propos de μῆνις,” BSL 72, 1 (1977) 187-209; “ἀνόστεος ὁν πόδα τένδει,” Étrennes de septantaine. Travaux de linguistique et de grammaire comparée offerts à Michel Lejeune (Paris, 1978) 231-235;“La désignation indo-européenne du tabou,” Langue, discours, société. Pour Émile Benveniste ed. J. Kristeva, J.C. Milner, & N. Ruwet (Paris, 1975) 208-214; “Let Us Now Praise Famous Grains,” PAPS 122 (1978) 9-17; “A Greco-Hittite Etymology,” Serta Indogermanica. Festschrift für Günter Neumann zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. J. Tischler (Innsbruck, 1982) 455-457; “The Language of the Trojans,” Troy and the Trojan War. A Symposium Held at Bryn Mawr College, October, 1984, ed. M.T. Mellink (Bryn Mawr, PA, 1986) 45-62; “The Name of Meleager,” O-o-pe-ro-si. Festschrift für Ernst Risch zum 75. Geburtstag, ed. A. Etter (Berlin, 1986) 320-328; “Questions linguistiques de poétique, de mythologie et de pré-droit en indo-européen,” LALIES 5 (1987) 3-29; “ ‘In the Interstices of Procedure.’ Indo-European Legal Language and Comparative Law,” Studien zum indogermanischen Wortschatz, ed. Wolfgang Meid (Innsbruck, 1987) 305-314; Studies in Memory of Warren Cowgill (1929-1985). Papers from the Fourth East Coast Indo-European Conference, Cornell University, June 6-9, 1986 (ed.) (Berlin & New York, 1987) REVS.: Kratylos XXXV 1990 41-48 Rix; ILing XII 1987-88 188 R. Gusmani; "New Parameters in Historical Linguistics, Philology, and Culture History," Language 65 (1989) 783-99; “Le dragon hittite Illuyankas et le géant grec Typhôeus,” CRAI (1992) 319-330; How to Kill a Dragon: Aspects of Indo-European Poetics (Oxford, 1995) REVS: CJ 1997-1998 92 (4): 417-422 Dunkel; JAOS 1997 117 (2): 397-398 Klein; Language 1997 73 (3): 637-641 Justus; CO 1996-1997 74 (3): 123 Klein; CW 1998-1999 92 (2): 175-176 Kelly; BSL 1998 93 (2): 116-130 Bader; Kratylos 2000 45: 36-46 Schlerath; CR 2000 N. S. 50 (1): 101-103 Konstan; EMC 2000 N. S. 19 (3): 399-406 Bubenik; IF 2001 106 : 282-290 Keydana; “Greece in Italy outside Rome,” HSCP 97 (1995) 35-50; “Homer and Hittite Revisited,” Style and Tradition: Studies in Honor of Wendell Clausen, ed. Peter E. Knox and Clive Foss (Stuttgart, 1998) 201-211; The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots (revised and ed.), 2nd ed. (Boston, 2000); “A Distant Anatolian Echo in Pindar: the Origin of the Aegis Again,” HSCP 100 (2000) 1-14; “L'Anatolie et la Grèce : résonances culturelles, linguistiques et poétiques,” CRAI (2000) 1143-1158; "À la suite des perspectives tracées par Michel Lejeune: aspects du grec et du celtique,” CRAI (2001) 213-223; "An Indo-European Linguisti Area and Its Characteristics: Ancient Anatolia. Areal Diffusion as a Challenge to the Comparative Method? in Areal Diffusion and Genetic Inheritance: Problems in Comparative Linguistics ed. Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald & R.M.W. Dixon (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001) 44-63;  “The Golden Bowl: Thoughts on the New Sappho and its Asianic Background,” ClAnt 26,2 (2007) 305-325; “The Erbessos Blues and Other Tales of the Semantics of Case and the Semantics of Love among the Western Greeks,” La langue poétique indo-européenne : actes du colloque de travail de la Société des études indo-européennes (Indogermanische Gesellschaft, Society for Indo-European studies), Paris, 22-24 octobre 2003, ed. Georges-Jean Pinault and Daniel Petit (Leuven, 2006) 517-521; “Hipponactea quaedam,” Hesperos: Studies in Ancient Greek Poetry Presented to M. L. West on His Seventieth Birthday, ed. Patrick J. Finglass, Christopher Collard, and Nicholas J. Richardson (Oxford, 2007) 118-125.

    Kleine Schriften: Selected Writings, ed. Lisi Oliver, 2 vols. (Innsbruck, 1994). REVS.: AAHG 1997 50 (1-2): 1-4 von Hüttenbach; OLZ 1995 90 (2): 148-152 Zimmer; Selected Writings. 3, Publications 1992-2008, ed. Lisi Oliver (Innsbruck, 2008). REVS.: CRAI (2009): 794 von Hinüber; Kratylos (2010) 55: 54-60 Janda; OLZ (2010) 105 (2): 152-153 Zimmer.
    Festschrift: Mir curad: Studies Presented to Calvert Watkins, ed. Jay H. Jasanoff, H. Craig Melchert, and Lisa Oliver. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 92 (Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck. 1998).
  • Sources:

    Who’s Who in the East 14 (1974-5) 857; DAS 10:285-6; Jay H. Jasanoff & Brian D. Joseph, Language 91,1 (March 2015) 245-52; Harvard Gazette (28 March 2013); Joshua Katz, "The Educational Guild," Daily Princetonian (2 April 2013); H. Craig Melchert, "In Memoriam: Calvert Watkins," JIES 41, 3-4 (2013) 506-26.

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