• Date of Birth: July 18, 1929
  • Born City: Milwaukee
  • Born State/Country: WI
  • Parents: Frederick & Anita Heiser B.
  • Date of Death: December 3, 2022
  • Death City: Wauwatosa
  • Death State/Country: WI
  • Education:

    B.A. Marquette, (summa cum laude), 1951; M.A., Ph.L., St. Louis U., 1957; ordained, 1963; Th.L. 1964; M.Lit., Cambridge, 1971; Ph.D., Kentucky, 1971.

  • Dissertation:

    “Rationalism and Faith in Classical History: The Religious Ideas of Plutarch of Chaironea” (Kentucky, 1971).

  • Professional Experience:

    Joined Missouri Province of the Society of Jesus, 1951; joined Wisconsin Province, 1955; Latin & Greek teacher, Creighton Preparatory School (Omaha, NE), 1957-60; asst. prof., Marquette, 1971-80; vis. prof., Harvard, 1981; Fordham, 1981; Boston College & Tufts, 1982; missioned to Pontifical Biblical Institute (Rome) as assistant, assoc. & ordinarius, 1982-2006; vis. scholar, St. Edmund’s College, Cambridge, 1991, 1999; Brennikmeijer-Werhahn vis. prof., Hebrew U. (Jerusalem), 2011; missioned to Arrupe House, Milwaukee, WI, 2011.

  • Publications:

     Books:

    In Mist Apparelled: Religious Themes in Putarch’s Moralia and Lives. Mnemosyne Supplement 48 (Leiden: Brill, 1977);Miscellanea Plutarchea. International Plutarch Society. Sezione Italiana. Atti del I Convegno di Studi su Plutarco (Roma, 23 novembre 1985). International Plutarch Society, Sezione italiana. Miscellanea Plutarchea. Atti del I Convegno di studi su Plutarco (Roma, 23 novembre 1985) ed. with Italo Gallo (Ferrara, 1986); Quaderni del Giornale Filologico Ferra rese 8, ed. with I. Gallo (Ferrara 1986); M. Marcovich, F. E. Brenk, J. P. Hershbell, P. A. Stadter, PlutarchRobert Flacelière (1904-1982). In Memoriam, ed. with M. Marcovich, J.P. Hershbell & P.A. Stadter, ICS XIII (1989); Relighting the Souls. Studies in Plutarch, in Greek Literature, Religion, and Philosophy, and in the New Testament Background (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1998); Clothed in Purple Light. Studies in Vergil and in Latin Literature, Including Aspects of Philosophy, Religion, Magic, Judaism, and the New Testament Background (Stuttgart Franz Steiner, 1999); With Unperfumed Voice. Studies in Plutarch, in Greek Literature, Religion and Philosophy, and in the New Testament Background. (Potsdamer Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge 21) (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2007); Greco-Roman Culture and the New Testament. Studies Commemorating the Centennial of the Pontifical Biblical Institute, ed. with David E. AuneNovum Testamentum Supplements 143 (Leiden: Brill, 2012); Frederick E. Brenk on Plutarch, Religious Thinker and Biographer: “The Religious Spirit of Plutarch of Chaironeia” and “The Life of Mark Antony,” with Lautaro Roig Lanzilotta Brill’s Plutarch Series 1 (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2017); Plutarch on Literature Graeco-Roman Religion, Jews and Christians: 11 (Leiden: Brill, 2023).

    Articles:

    “The Structural Approach in Latin,” Woodstock Letters (1961) 127-34; “Le songe de Brutus,” Actes du VIIIe Congrès de l’Association Guillaume Budé, Paris 5-10 Avril 1968 (Paris 1969) 588-94; “A Most Strange Doctrine: Daimon in Plutarch,” CJ 69 (1973) 1-11; “Hesiod, How Much a Male Chauvinist?,” CB 49 (1973) 73-6; “Interesting Bedfellows at the End of the Apology,” CB 51 (1975) 44-7; “The Dreams of Plutarch’s Lives,” Latomus 34 (1975) 336-49; “From Mysticism to Mysticism. The Religious Development of Plutarch of Chaironeia,” Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Literature 1 (1975) 193-98; “Addendum on Sisypus,” CB 52 (1976) 47; “Aphrodite’s Girdle: No Way to Treat a Lady (the Near Eastern Background of the 14th Book of the Iliad),” CB 54 (1977) 17-20; “Most Beautiful Horror: Baroque Touches in Virgil’s Underworld,” CW 73 (1979) 1-9; “Tarpeia among the Celts: Watery Romance from Simylos to Propertius,” in Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History, ed. C. Deroux, Collection Latomus 165 (Brussels 1979) 166-74; “The Twofold Gleam: Vergil’s Golden Age and the Beginning of Empire,” Thought 55 (1980) 81-97; “Non primus pipiabat: Echoes of Sappho in Catullus’ passer Poems,” Latomus 39 (1980) 702-16; “War and the Shepherd: The Tomb of Bianor in Vergil’s Ninth Eclogue,” AJP 102 (1981) 427-30; “Tumulo Solaci or Foedera Lecti: The Myth of Cephalus and Procris in Ovid’s Metamorphoses,” The Augustan Age 2 (1982-3) 9-22; “Lesbia’s Arguta Solea: Catullus 68.72 and Greek λιγύς,” Glotta 61 (1983) 234-6; “Unum pro multis caput: Myth, History, and Symbolic Imagery in Vergil’s Palinurus Incident,” Latomus 43 (1984) 776-801; “Comment” (on J. Chadwick’s lecture on Mycenaean language), in Dori e Mondo EgeoColloquio Internazionale. Università di Roma 11-15 aprile 1983, ed. D. Musti (Rome 1985) 319; “Auorum spes et purpurei flores: The Eulogy for Marcellus in Aeneid VI,” AJP 107 (1986) 218-28; “Dear Child: The Speech of Phoinix and the Tragedy of Achilleus in the Ninth Book of the Iliad,” Eranos 84 (1986) 77-86; “Phaidra’s Risky Horsemanship: Euripides’ Hippolytos 232-8,” Mnemosyne 39 (1986) 385-6; Comments to talks by G. Kirk and F. I. Zeitlin, in Edipo. Il Teatro Greco e la Cultura Europea. Atti del Convegno Internazionale (Urbino 15-19 novembre 1982), ed. B. Gentili & R. Pretagostini (Rome, 1986) 11, 343; “From Rex to Rana: Plutarch’s Treatment of Nero,” in Il Protagonismo nella Storiografia Classica, ed. A. Cerasa-Gastaldo, Pubblicazioni del Dipartimento di Archeologia, Filologia Classica e Loro Tradizioni 108 (Genoa, 1987) 121-42; “Palinurus and Polites: Shades of Shades (Vergil, Aeneid 6.337-382),” Latomus 46 (1987), 571-4; “Arguta solea on the Threshold: The Literary Precedents of Catullus, 68, 68-72,” QUCC 26 (1987) 121-7; “Heteros Tis Eimi: On the Language of Menander’s Young Men,” ICS 12 (1987) 31-66; “Index to Contribution on An Imperial Heritage. The Religious Spirit of Plutarch of Chaironeia,” ANRW II.36.2 (1987) 1300-22; “Index to Contribution on ‘In the Light of the Moon’; Demonology in the Early Imperial Period,” ibid. 1283-99; “Wind and Waves, Sacrifice and Treachery: Diodoros, Appian, and the Death of Palinurus in Vergil,” Aevum 62 (1988) 69-80; “Cassius’ `Epicurean’ Explanation of Brutus’ Vision in Plutarch’s Broutos,” in Aspetti dello stoicismo e dell’epicureismo in Plutarco, ed. I. Gallo, Atti del II Convegno di studi su Plutarco, Ferrara, 2-3 aprile 1987. (Quaderni del Giornale Filologico Ferrarese 9) (Ferrara 1988) 109-18; “Salus,” in Enciclopedia Virgiliana IV, ed. F. Della Corte (Rome 1989) 667-9; “Sancio,” ibid., 672-3; “Plutarch’s Erotikos: The Drag Down Pulled Up,” in Plutarch. Robert Flacelière (1904-1982). In Memoriam, ed. with M. Marcovich, J. P. Hershbell, and P. A. Stadter, ICS 13.2 (1988) 457-72; “Plus saint que chez Homère: sanctus chez Virgile,” XIIe Congrès International de l’Association Guillaume Budé. Bordeaux 1988 (Paris 1989) 305-7; “‘Purpureos Spargam Flores’: A Greek Motif in the Aeneid?,” CQ 40 (1990) 218-23; “I veri demoni greci `nella nebbia ammantellati’? Esiodo e Plutarco,”in L’Autunno del diavolo. Diabolos, Dialogos, Daimon: Convegno di Torino 17/21 Ottobre 1988, ed. E. Corsini e E. Costa (Milan, 1990) I, 23-35; “Old Wineskins Recycled: `Autarkeia’ in I Timothy 6.5-10,” Filologia Neotestamentaria 3 (1990) 39-51; “Tempo come struttura nel dialogo Sul daimonion di Socrate di Plutarco,” in Strutture formali dei «Moralia» di Plutarco. Atti del III Convegno plutarcheo. Palermo 3-5 maggio 1989, ed. G. D’Ippolito e I. Gallo (Naples, 1991) 69-82; “The Herakles Myth and the Literary Texts Relating to the Myth of Ninurta,” in La transizione dal miceneo all’alto arcaismo. Dal palazzo alla città. Atti del Convegno Internazionale. Roma, 14-19 marzo 1988, edD. Musti, A. Sacconi, L. Roccheti, M. Rocchi, E. Scafa, L. Sportiello, & M. Giannotta, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. Monografie Scientifiche. Serie Scienze Umane e SocialiIstituto per gli Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici (Rome: Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche, 1991) 507-26; “Wind, Waves, and Treachery; Diodorus, Appian and the Death of Palinurus in Vergil,” in Mito Storia Tradizione. Diodoro Siculo e la storiografia classica. Atti del Convegno Internazionale, Catania-Agira, 7-8 dicembre 1984, ed. G. Manganaro, M. Mazza, C. Molè Ventura, Testi e Studi di Storia Antica 1 (Catania: Edizioni del Prisma, 1991); “Antony-Osiris, Cleopatra-Isis: The End of Plutarch’s Antony,” Plutarch and the Historical Tradition, ed.  P. A. Stadter (London: Routledge, 1992) 159-82; “Plutarch's Life of Markos Antonios: a Literary and Cultural Study,” ANRW II, 33, 6 (1992) 4347-469; “Darkly Beyond the Glass: Middle Platonism and the Vision of the Soul,” in Platonism in Late Antiquity ed. Stephen Gersh and Charles Kannengiesser, Christianity and Judaism in Late Antiquity 8 (South Bend, IN: Notre Dame Press, 1992) 39-60;  “The Gates of Dreams and an Image of Life: Consolation and Allegory at the End of Vergil’s Aeneid VI,” in Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History VI, ed. C. Deroux, Collection Latomus 217 (Brussels, 1992) 276-94; “A Gleaming Ray: Blessed Afterlife in the Mysteries,” in Studies in Honor of Miroslav Marcovich, ed. D. Sansone, ICS 18 (1993) 147-64; “Édouard des Places (b. 1900),” in Festgabe für Ernst Vogt zu seinem 60. Geburtstag am 6. November 1990, ed. W. Suerbaum with U. Dubielzig, Erinnerungen an Klassische Philologen. (Eikasmos. Quaderni Bolognesi di Filologia Classica 4 [1993]) 289-92; “In Memoriam. Roderick A. F. MacKenzie, S.J. (1911-1994),” Biblica 75 (1994) 447-8; “Greek Epiphanies and Paul on the Road to Damaskos,” in The Notion of “Religion in Comparative Research,” ed. U. Bianchi, Selected Proceedings of the XVIth Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions, Rome 3rd-8th September, 1990. (Storia delle Religioni 8) (Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider, 1994) 415-24; “The Origin and the Return of the Soul in Plutarch», in Estudios sobre Plutarco: ideas religiosas, ed. M. García Valdés, Actas del III Simposio Internacional sobre Plutarco. Oviedo, 30 de abril a 2 de mayo de 1992Sociedad Española de Plutarquistas (Seccíon de la International Plutarch Society) (Madrid: Ediciones Clásicas, 1994) 3-24; “Notizie su 15 recenti libri su Plutarco o con riferimenti alle opere di Plutarco,” in Ploutarchos 11.1,11.2 (1994); “Heroic Anti-Heroes. Ruler Cult and Divine Assimilations in Plutarch’s Lives of Demetrios and Antonius,” in I. Gallo e B. Scardigli, edd., Teoria e Prassi Politica nelle Opere di Plutarco. Atti del V Convegno Plutarcheo della International Plutarch Society, Sezione Italiana. Certosa di Pontignano, 7-9 giugno 1993 (M. D’Auria, Napoli, 1995) 65-82; “L’epopea dei Maccabei. Resistenza per la fede,” in La Bibbia per la famiglia. IV: Cronache-Esdra-Neemia-Tobia-Giuditta-Ester-Maccabei, ed. G. Ravasi (Milan: St. Paul’s International, 1995) 334-7; “The Boiotia of Plutarch’s Erotikos. Beyond the Shadow of Athens,” in Acts of the Society of Boeotian Studies II, ed. Alexandra C. Chistopoulou (Athens, 1995) 1109-19; “Time as Structure in The Daimonion of Sokrates,” in Plutarchea Lovaniensia. A Miscellany of Essays on Plutarch, ed. L. Van der Stockt,Studia Hellenistica 32 (Leuven 1996) 29-51; “Lo scrittore silenzioso: giudaismo e cristianesimo in Plutarco,” in Plutarco e la religione. Atti del VI Convegno plutarcheo (Ravello, 29-31 maggio 1995), ed., Italo Gallo (Naples: M. D’Auria, 1996) 239-62; “Plutarch, Judaism and Christianity,” in Studies in Plato and the Platonic Tradition. Essays Presented to John Whitaker, ed. Mark Joyal (Aldershot, Hampshire: Variorum, 1997) 97-118; “Caesar and the Evil Eye or What to Do with ‘καὶ σύ, τέκνον’,”in Qui Miscuit Vtile Dulci. Festschrift Essays for Paul MacKendrick, ed. Gareth Schmeling & Jon D. Mikalson (Wauconda, IL: Bolchazy-Carducci, 1998) 31-50; “Artemis of Ephesos: An Avant Garde Goddess,” in Actes du VIe Colloque International du Centre International d’Étude de la Religion Grecque Antique (Kernos 11), ed. André Motte & Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge (Liege: Centre International d’Étude de la Religion Grecque, 1998) 157-71; “The Sibyl Song of Vesuvius,” in Sibille e linguaggi oracolari. Mito. storia. tradizione. Atti del Convegno Macerata-Norcia Settembre 1994 (Ichnia 3), ed. Ileana Chirassi Colombo e Tullio Seppilli, Università degli Studi di Macerata (Pisa & Rome: Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali,1999) 487-501; “The Isis Campensis of Katja Lembke,” in De l’archéologie à l’histoire. Imago Antiquitatis. Religions et iconographie du monde romain. Mélanges offerts à Robert Turcan, ed. Nicole Blanc and Andre Buisson, Université Lyon III et Paris IV-Sorbonne (Paris: De Boccard, Paris 1999 [=2000]) 133-43; “The καὶ σύ Stele in the Fitzwilliam Museum,” ZPE 126 (1999) 169-74; “Isis is a Greek Word. Plutarch’s Allegorization of Egyptian Religion” in Plutarco, Platón y Aristóteles, ed. A. Pérez Jiménez, J. García López, and Rosa M. Aguilar, Actas del V Congresso Internacional de la International Plutarch Society. Madrid-Cuenca, 4-7 de mayo de 1999 (Madrid: Ediciones Clásicas, 1999 [= 2000]) 227-38; “All for Love. The Rhetoric of Exaggeration in Plutarch’s Erotikos,” in Rhetorical Theory and Praxis in Plutarch, ed. L. Van der Stockt, Acta of the IVth International Congress of the International Plutarch Society. Leuven, July 3-6, 1996, Collection d’Études Classiques 11 (Louvain & Namur: Éditions Peeters/Sociétés des Études Classiques, 2000) 45-60; “Dio on the Simple and Self-Sufficient Life,” in Dio Chrysostom. Politics, Letters, and Philosophy, ed. S. Swain (Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 2000) 261-78; “Social and Unsocial Memory. The Liberation of Thebes in Plutarch’s The Daimonion of Sokrates,” in Acts of the International Society of Boeotian StudiesThird International CongressThebes, 4-8 September 1996, III, vol. 2, ed. Alexandra Christopoulou (Athens, 2000) 305-20; “El Exorcismo en Filipos en Hechos 16.11-40. Posesión Divina o Inspiración Diabólica,” in Seres Intermedios. Ángeles, Demonios y Genios en el Mundo Mediterráneo. (Mediterranea 7), ed. Aurelio Pérez Jiménez and Gonzalo Cruz Andreotti (Madrid & Málaga: Ediciones Clásicas, 2000 [2001]) 151-76; “In the Image, Reflection and Reason of Osiris. Plutarch and the Egyptian Cults,” in Estudios sobre Plutarco: Misticismo y religiones mistericas en la obra de Plutarco. Actas del VII Simposio Español sobre Plutarco, Palma de Mallorca, 2-4 noviembre de 2000, ed. Aurelio Pérez Jiménez and Francesco Casadesús Bordoy (Madrid & Malaga: Ediciones Clásicas & Charta Antiqua, 2001) 83-98; “The Notorious Felix, Procurator of Judaea ad His Many Wives (Acts 23-24),” Biblica 82.3 (2001) 410-17; “Deum comitari . . . : retorica, virtù e progresso in Seneca e Paolo,” in Seneca e i Cristiani. Atti del Convegno Internazionale. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Biblioteca Ambrosiana. Milano, 12-13-14 ottobre 1999, ed. A. P. Martina, Aevum Antiquum 13 [2000] (Vita e Pensiero, Milano 2001) 87-112; “Social and Unsocial Memory. The Liberation of Thebes in Plutarch’s The Daimonion of Sokrates,” in Scritti in onore di Italo Gallo. Pubblicazioni dell’Università degli Studi di Salerno. Sezioni Atti, Convegni, Miscellanee 59, ed. L. Torraca (Naples: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, 2002) 97-114; “Édouard des Places,” Gnomon 74.4 (2002) 377-9; “The Exorcism at Philippoi in Acts 16.11-40. Divine Possession or Diabolic Inspiration?,” in ΠΡΑΚΤΙΚΑ. ΙΑ’. ΔΙΕΘΝΟΥΣ ΣΥΝΕΔΙΟΥ ΚΛΑΣΣΙΚΩΝ ΣΠΟΥΔΩΝ (FIEC). (Acts of the XI Congrès. Fédération International des Associations d’Études Classiques), Kavala, Greece, 24-30 August 1999, ed. K. A. Manaphes, (Athens 2002) 2:172-83; “The Exorcism at Philippoi in Acts 16.11-40. Divine Possession or Diabolic Inspiration?,” Filologia Neotestamentaria 13 (25-26) (2000) [2002] 3-22; “Religion under Trajan. Plutarch’s Resurrection of Osiris,” in Sage and Emperor. Plutarch, Greek Intellectuals, and Roman Power in the Time of Trajan (98-117 A.D.), ed. Philip A. Stadter and Luc Van der Stockt (Leuven, 2002 [2003]) 73-92; “Finding One’s Place: Eschatology in Plato’s Laws and First-Century Platonism,” in Plato’s Laws: From Theory into Practice. Proceedings of the VI Symposium Platonicum. Selected Papers, ed. Samuel Scolnicov and Luc Brisson, International Plato Studies. Published under the Auspices of the International Plato Society 15 (Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag, 2003) 312-19; “Osirian Reflections. Second Thoughts on the Isaeum Campense at Rome,” in Hommages à Carl Deroux IV. Archéologie et Histoire de l’Art, Religion, ed. Pol Defosse, Collection Latomus 277 (Brussels, 2003) 291-301; “Sheer Doggedness or Love of Neighbor? Motives for Self-Sufficiency in the Cynics and Others,” Studies in Honor of Miroslav Marcovic, ICS 27-28 (2002-2003) 77-96; “O Sweet Mystery of the Lives! The Eschatological Dimension of Plutarch’s Biographies,” in The Statesman in Plutarch’s Works II. The Statesman in Plutarch’s Greek and Roman Lives, ed.  L. De Blois, J. Bons, T. Kessels, and D. M. Schenkeveld, eds., (Leiden: Brill, 2005) 61-74 “Two Case Studies in Paideia,” in, Plutarc a la seva època: Paideia i societat. Actas del VIII Simposio Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Plutarquistas. Barcelona, 6-8 de noviembre de 2003, ed. Montserrat Jufresa, Francesca Mestre, Pilar Gomez, and Pau Gilabert (Barcelona: Primera, 2005) 235-42; “Plutarch,” in Encylopedia of Religion XI, ed. Lindsay Jones, et al., 2nd ed. (New York: Thomson Gale, 2005) 7199-202; “The Barbarian Within. Gallic and Galatian Heroines in Plutarch's Erotikos,” in Historical and Biographical Values of Plutarch’s Works. Studies Devoted to Professor Philip A. Stadter by The International Plutarch Society, ed. Aurelio Pérez Jiménez and Frances Titchener (Málaga: University of Málaga and Logan, UT: Utah State University, 2005) 93-106; “Plutarch's Middle-Platonic God: About to Enter (or Remake) the Academy,” in Gott und die Götter bei Plutarch. Götterbilder, Gottesbilder, Weltbilder, ed. R. Hirsch-Luipold, Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten 54 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2005) 27-50; “’Parlando senza profumi raggiunge con la voce mille anni.’ Plutarco e la sua età,” in Plutarco e la cultura della sua età. (Atti del X Convegno plutarcheo. Fisciano – Paestum, 27-29 ottobre 2005, ed. Paola Volpe Cacciatore and Franco Ferrari, International Plutarch Society. Sezione Italiana. Collectanea 27 (Naples: D’Auria, 2007) 11-38; “School and Literature. The Gymnasia at Athens in the First Century A.D.,” in Escuela y Literatura en Grecia AntiguaActas del Simposio Internacional. Universidad de Salamanca 17-19 noviembre de 2004, ed. José Antonio Fernández Delgado, Francisca Pordomingo, and Antonio Stramaglia, Edizioni dell’Università degli Studi di Cassino. Collana Scientifica 17 (Cassino, 2007) 333-48; “Zeus’ Missing Ears,” Kernos 20 (2007) 213-16; “Sliding Atoms or Supernatural Light. Plutarch’s Erotikos and the ‘On Eros’ Literature,” in, El Amor en PlutarcoIX Symposio International de la Sociedad Espagnola de Plutarquistas, ed. Jesús Ma. Nieto Ibáñez and Raúl López López (León: Universidad de León, 2007) 19-26; “’We are of His Race’. Paul and the Philosophy of His Time,” in F. E. Brenk, With Unperfumed Voice. Studies in Plutarch, in Greek Literature, Religion and Philosophy, and in the New Testament Background (ed.) Potsdamer Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge 21 (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2007) 402-40; “’Uttering Unperfumed Words, Yet Reaches to a Thousand Years with Her Voice.’ Plutarch and His Age», ibid., (Franz Steiner, Stuttgart 2007) 17-51; “‘Great Royal Spouse who Protects Her Brother Osiris.’ Isis in the Isaeum at Pompeii», ibid., 346-70; “‘Deum. . . comitari’: Rhetoric and Progress in Virtue in Seneca and in Paul,’ ibid., 441-69; “Setting a Good Exemplum. Case Studies in the Moralia, the Lives as Case Studies», in The Unity of Plutarch’s Works. ‘Moralia’ Themes in the ‘Lives’, Features of the ‘Lives’ in the ‘Moralia’,” ed., Anastasios G. Nikolaidis, ed.,(Wolfram Brandes, Alexander Demandt, Helmut Krasser, Hartmut Leppin, Peter von Möllendorff, eds., Millenium-Studien zu Kultur und Geschichte des ersten Jahrtausends n. Chr. Millenium Studies in the Culture and History of the First Millenium C.E. 19) (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2008) 237-53; “Alessandria e la religione di Iside come praeparatio evangelica,” Scritture di Storia, Historical Writings 5 (2008) 37-64. “Great Royal Spouse Who Protects Her Brother Osiris,” in Mystic Cults in Magna Graecia, ed. Giovanni Casadio and Patricia A. Johnston (Austin: U. of Texas Press, 2009) 217-34; “’In Learned Conversation’. Plutarch’s Symposiac Literature and the Elusive Authorial Voice,” in Symposion and Philanthropia in Plutarch, ed.  José Ribeiro Ferreira, Delfim Leão, Manuel Tröster, & Paula Barata Dias (Coimbra: Classica Digitalia/CECH , 2009) 51-61; “Mixed Monotheism? The Areopagos Speech of Paul,” in Le monothéisme. Diversité, exclusivisme ou dialogue?, ed. Charles Guittard, Société Ernest Renan. Societé Française d’Histoire des Religiions, Association Européenne pour l’Etude des Religios (EASR). Congrès de Paris, 11-14 September 2002 (Paris, 2010) 131-52; “Professor Shigetake Yaginuma: Emeritus Professor of Classical Philology, University of Tsukuba, Kyoto, Japan,” Ploutarchos 7 (2009/2010) 125-7; “Transmission and Translation in Classical and Biblical Studies,” in Coping with the Past. Creative Perspectives on Conservation and Restoration, ed. Pasquale Gagliardi, Bruno Latour, & Pedro Memelsdorff, Civiltà Veneziana Studi 52, (Florence: Fondazione Giorgio Cini, San Giorgio Maggiore, Leo S. Olschki, Florence 2010) 115-132. (based on Il Dialogo di San Giorgio, 12-14 settembre, 2007, Inheriting the Past. Tradition, Translation, Betrayal, Innovation): (with Richard Westall) «The Second and Third Centuries,» in Gabriele Marasco, ed., Political Autobiographies and Memoirs in Antiquity. A Brill Companion (Leiden: Brill 2011) 363-416; “Image and Religion: A Christian in the Temple of Isis at Pompeii,” in Text, Image, and Christians in the Graeco-Roman World. A Festschrift in Honor of David Lee Balch, ed. Aliou Cissé Niang & Carolyn Osiek, Princeton Theological Monograph Series (Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2012) 218-38; “From Wild Beast to Love Divine: Plutarch Between ‘Pagan’ And Christian Marriage,” in Plutarco Transmisor. Actas del X Simposio Internacional de la Sociedad Española De PlutarquistasSevilla, 12-14 de Noviembre de 2009, ed. José María Candau Morón, Francisco J. González Ponce, & Antonio L. Chávez Reino (Seville: Universidad de Sevilla, Secretaria de Publicaciones Universidad de Sevilla, 2011) 303-16; “Pagan Monotheism and Early Christianity,” The Twelfth Annual Brenninkmeijer-Werhahn Lecture, The Center for the Study of Christianity, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 2011; “Hierosolyma. The Greek Name of Jerusalem. In Memoriam Günter Neumann,” Glotta 87 (2011 [2012]) 1-22; “Most Beautiful and Divine: Graeco-Romans (especially Plutarch), and Paul, on Love and Marriage,” in David E. Aune and Frederick E. Brenk, eds., Greco-Roman Culture and the New Testament: Studies Commemorating the Centennial of the Pontifical Biblical Institute ed. with David E. Aune, Novum Testamentum Supplements 143 (Leiden: Brill, 2012) 87-112; “Plutarch and Pagan Monotheism,” in Plutarch in the Religious and Philosophical Discourse of Late Antiquity, ed. Lautaro Roig Lanzillota & Israel Muñoz Gallarate, Ancient Mediterranean and Medieval Texts and Contexts, editors Robert M. Berchman & Jacob Neusner. Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition 14, ed. Robert M. Berchman & John F. Finamore (Leiden: Brill, 2012) 73-84; “Looking at Conjectures (Guesses?) in Plutarch’s Dialogue on Love,” in Gli Scritti di Plutarco:Tradizione, Traduzione, Ricezione, Commento. Atti del IX Convegno Internazionaledella International Plutarch Society, ed. Giovanna Pace & Paola Volpe Cacciatore (Naples: D’Auria, 2013) 93-102; “Philo and Plutarch on the Nature of God,” in The Studia Philonica AnnualStudies in Hellenistic Judaism 26, ed. David T. Runia & Gregory Sterling (Atlanta: SBL Press, 2014) 79-92; “Greek Religion” in Encylopedia of the Bible and its Reception, ed. Dale C. Allison, Jr., Christine Helmer, Thomas Christian Römer, Choon-Leong Seow, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric Ziolkowski et al. (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015) columns 886-894; “Plutarch’s Flawed Characters: the personae of the Dialogues” in A Versatile Gentleman: Consistency in Plutarch’s Writing: Studies Offered to Luc van der Stockt on the Occasion of his Retirement, ed. J. Opsomer, Geert Roskam, & F.B. Titchener (Leuven: Leuven U. Press, 2016) 89-100; “Plutarch: Philosophy, Religion, and Ethics,” in The Oxford Handbook to the Second Sophistic, ed. Daniel S. Richter & William A. Johnson (Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 2017) 291-309; “Plutarch the Greek in the Roman Questions,” in A Man of Many Interests : Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic: Essays in Honor of Aurelio Pérez Jiménez, ed. Delfim Ferreira Leão & Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta (Leiden: Brill, 2019) 240-54; “Voices from the Past : Quotations and Intertextuality in Plutarch’s The Oracles at Delphi,” in The Dynamics of Intertextuality in Plutarch, ed. Thomas S. Schmidt, Maria Vamvouri, & Rainer Hirsch-Luipold (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2020) 61-85.

  • Notes:

          Frederick Brenk, known in Rome as “Padre Brenk,” was a Jesuit for 71 years and a priest for 59 years. He entered the Missouri Province of the Society of Jesus in 1951 and joined the Wisconsin Province at its founding in 1955. At Trinity College, Cambridge, he received an M.A. under the Plutarch scholar Francis Henry Sandbach (1903-91). After a number of years of teaching, traveling, and researching, he earned his Ph.D. from the University of Kentucky with a dissertation on Plutarch. A number of his early publications focused on Virgil, but following his dissertation he wrote almost exclusively on Plutarch. His five books and over 100 articles established him as one of the pre-eminent Plutarch scholars in the world. As Professor of Greek and Roman background of the Old and New Testaments at the Pointifical Institute for 24 years, he traveled widely in Europe, taking full advantage of the resources in the great libraries of Europe. His cheerful and generous personality gained him friends throughout the Continent and invitations to contribute to Festschriften. Despite his focus on Plutarch, whether before a scholarly or a high-school audience displayed a wide love and background in classical and modern literature. He was an active hiker and skier into his ninth decade, a fan of local professional and collegiate sports, and an amateur photographer. He maintained his research program into extreme old age: he edited two books and wrote 19 articles in his 80s. An accidental fall led to his death at the age of 93. 

  • Sources:

    Giovanni Casadio, Ploutarchos n.s., 19 (2022) 123-6; American Catholic Who's Who, vol. 23 (2013). 

  • Author: Ward Briggs