• Courtesy University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
  • Date of Birth: September 9, 1932
  • Born City: New York
  • Born State/Country: NY
  • Parents: William M. and Katheryn Fischer C.
  • Date of Death: October 18, 2022
  • Death City: Bryn Mawr
  • Death State/Country: PA
  • Education:

    Diploma St. Paul’s School (Garden City, Long Island, NY), 1950; B.A. magna cum laude Harvard 1954; M.A. 1956; Ph.D. Chicago 1958.

  • Dissertation:

    "Further Researches on the Dramatic Technique of Sophocles" (U. of Chicago, 1958).

  • Professional Experience:

    Teaching asst., Greek history, Greek, Harvard, 1955-8; teaching asst.; Greek, Chicago, 1957-8; instr. Greek and Latin, Columbia, 1958-60; asst. prof. 1960-4; assoc. prof. 1964-70; prof. 1970-6; assoc. director and director, University Seminars in Classical Civilization, 1960-76; Greek examiner, College Entrance Examination Board, 1966-72; visiting prof. classics, U. of Colorado Boulder, fall 1975; prof. 1976-88; William Abbott Oldfather Professor of Classics, prof. comp. lit, U. of Illinois Urbana/Champaign, 1988-2012; prof. emeritus, 2012-22; associate, Center for Advanced Studies, fall 1995; Resident Research Scholar, Fondation Hardt, 24 occasions 1964-2006; guest professor for classical philology and American studies, University of Rostock, German Democratic Republic, 1968; visiting lecturer in American language and regional studies, 1979; American Council of Learned Societies fellowship, 1971; Guggenheim Fellow and Fulbright Research Scholar (West Berlin), 1964-5; visiting professor in classical philology, University of Copenhagen, 1971, 1972; guest professor in Classics, Boston University, spring 1972; visiting professor, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1973-4; Parker visiting scholar in archaeology, Brown University, spring 1984; visiting professor, University of the Witwatersrand, 1989; Overseas Research Fellow, Institute for Research Development, Pretoria SA, 1989; contributing editor, Classical World, 1964-8; Greek editor, Greek Roman and Byzantine Studies, 1960-79; editorial board, Classical Philology, 1969-84; Classical Journal, 1976-8; Illinois Classical Studies, 1989-94, 1999-2001; Polis, 2001-13.

  • Publications:

    William M. Calder III published more than 800 articles, book reviews, and other items. The following selective list focuses on the most substantive books and articles and does not include book reviews, edited collections of articles, short critical notes, translations, biographical notices and obituaries, and forewords or introductions in volumes by others. For a more complete list, see Nicholas M. Moccia, William M. Calder III: The Seventieth Birthday Bibliography 1955–2003(Urbana/Champaign 2002).

    Books: The Inscription from Temple G at SelinusGreek, Roman, and Byzantine Monographs, Number 4 (Durham, 1963); Index Locorum, zu Kuhner-Gerth (Darmstadt, 1965); Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, In wieweit befriedigen die Schlüsse der erhaltenen griechischen Trauerspiele? : Ein ästhetischer Versuch, ed. with introduction and notes (Leiden 1974); Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff: Selected Correspondence 1869-1931 (Naples 1983); Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker: Werk und WirkungHermes Einzelschriften 49 (ed. with Adolf Kohnken, Wolfgang Kullmann, Gunther Pflug) (Wiesbaden 1986); The Preserved Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Eduard Schwartz (ed. with Robert L. Fowler)  Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Sitzungsberichte Jahrgang (1986) Heft 1; Berafungspolitik innerhalb der Alterumswissenschaft im wilhelminischen Preufien. Die Briefe Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorffs an Friedrich Althoff (1883-1908) (ed. with Alexander Kosenina) (Frankfurt/Main 1989)Classical Scholarship: A Biographical Encyclopedia, (ed. with Ward W. Briggs Jr.) (New York 1990); Eduard Meyer:Leben und Leistung eines Universalhistorikers (ed. with Alexander Demandt) (Leiden 1990); Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff Bibliography 1867-1990 (with Michael Armstrong and Wolfgang Buchwald) (Hildesheim 1991); The Prussian and The Poet: The Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Gilbert Murray (1894-1930) (ed. with Anton Bierl and Robert L. Fowler) (Hildesheim 1991); An Introductory Bibliography to the History of Classical Scholarship Chiefly in the XIXth and XXth Centuries (with Daniel J. Kramer) (Hildesheim 1992)Hermann Dieterich and Friedrich v. Hiller, Usener und Wilamowitz: Ein Briefwechsel 1870-1905, 2nd ed., with Epilogue, Corrigenda, Addenda and Indices (with Thomas A. Suits) (Leipzig/Stuttgart 1994); Further Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff  (Hildesheim 1994); Philology and Philosophy: The Letters of Hermann Diels to Theodor and Heinrich Gomperz (with Max Braun and Dietrich Ehlers) (Hildesheim 1995)'“Lieber Prinz’: Der Briefwechsel zwischen Hermann Diels und Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff (1869-1921), (With Max Braun and Dietrich Ehlers) (Hildesheim 1995); George Grote Reconsidered: A 200th Birthday Celebration with a First Edition of his Essay “Of the Athenian Government" (ed. with Stephen Trzaskoma) (Hildesheim 1996)"Sed serviendum officio...”: The Correspondence between Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff and Eduard Norden (1892-1931) (ed. with Bernhard Huß) (Hildesheim, 1997)Zwischen Rationalismus und Romantik: Karl Otfried Müller und die antike Kultur (ed. with Renate Schlesier and Susanne Godde) (Darmstadt 1998)“The Wilamowitz in Me”: 100 Letters between Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff and Paul Friedländer (1904-1931) (Los Angeles 1999); A Supplementary Bibliography to the History of Classical Scholarship: Chiefly in the XIX and XXth Centuries (ed. with Robert Scott Smith) (Bari 2000); Teaching the English Wissenschaft: the Letters of Sir George Cornewall Lewis to Karl Otfried Müller (1828-1839) (Hildesheim 2002).

    Articles:  “The Corcyraean-Corinthian Speeches in Thucydides I,” Classical Journal 50 (1955) 179-180; “The Single-Performance Fallacy,” Educational Theatre Journal 10 (1958) 237-239; “The Spherical Earth in Plato’s Phaedo,”Phronesis 3 (1958) 121-125; “The Dramaturgy of Sophocles’ Inachus,” Greek, Roman and, Byzantine Studies 1 (1958) 137-155; “The Blinding: Oedipus Tyrannus, 1271-4,” American Journal of Philology 80 (1959) 301-305; “The Staging of the Prologue of Oedipus Tyrannus 1271-4,” Phoenix 13 (1959) 121-129; “Was Antigone Murdered?” GRBS 3 (1960) 31-35; (with Michael Crosby) “Libanius, On the Silence of Socrates: a First Translation and an Interpretation.” GRBS 3 (1960) 185-202; “Socrates at Amphipolis (Ap. 28e),” Phronesis 6 (1961) 83-85; “Irony in Horace, Carm. 2. 2 : Nullus Argento Color Est Avaris,” CP 56 (1961) 175-178; “Oedipus Tyrannus 1515-30,” CP 57 (1962) 219-229; “The End of Sophocles’ Electra,” GRBS 4 (1963) 213-216; “The Great Defixio from Selinus,” Philologus 107 (1963) 163-172; “Further Notes on IG XIV 268 and Other Tufa Inscriptions from Selinus,” GRBS 5 (1964) 113-121; “The Entrance of Athena in Ajax,” CP 69 (1965) 114-116; “A New Verse Inscription from Selinus,” AJA 69 (1965) 262-264; “Sophokles’ Political Tragedy, Antigone,” GRBS 9 (1968) 389-407; “Three Unpublished Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff,” GRBS 11 (1970) 139-166; “Aeschylus’ Philoctetes,” GRBS Studies 11 (1970) 171-179; “Originality in Seneca’s Troades,” CP 65 (1970) 75-82; “Aristophanes’ Vespae 68-69: An Unnoticed Obscenity,” CP 65 (1970) 257; “Professor Calder Replies,” CP 66 (1971) 262; “Stratonides Athenaios,” AJA 75 (1971) 325-329; “The Protagonist of Sophocles’ Antigone,” Arethusa 4.1(1970) 49-54; “Sophoclean ApologiaPhiloctetes,” GRBS 12 (1971) 153-174; “Euripides’ Erechtheus and the Erechtheion: Professor Calder’s Reply,” GRBS 12 (1971) 493-495; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, An Unpublished Autobiography,” GRBS 12 (1971) 561-577; “Schliemann on Schliemann: A Study in the Use of Sources,” GRBS 13 (1972) 335-353; “Die Technik der Sophokleischen Komposition im Philoktet,” inHellenische Poleis III, ed. E. Ch. Welskopf (Berlin 1973) 1382-88; “Heinrich Schliemann: An Unpublished Latin Vita,”CW 67 (1973/74) 271-282; “Once More: The Entrance and Exit of Athene in Ajax, CF 28 (1974) 59-61; “Sophocles, Oinomaos and the East Pediment at Olympia,” Philologus 118 (1974) 203-214; “Sophocles, Tereus: A Thracian Tragedy,” Thracia II (Sofia 1974) 87-91; “Kalamis Atheniensis?,” GRBS 15 (1974) 271-277; “The Size of the Chorus in Seneca’s Agamemnon,” CP 70 (1975) 32-35; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Wolfgang Schadewaldt on the Classic,” GRBS 16 (1975) 451-457; “The Alkestis Inscription from Odessos: IGBR I2 222,” AJA 79 (1975) 80-83; “Seneca’s Agamemnon,” CP 71 (1976) 27-36; “Seneca: Tragedian of Imperial Rome,” CJ 72 (1976/77) 1-11; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff’s First Visit to the Akropolis,” Essays in Archaeology and the Humanitiesin Memoriam Otto J. Brendel (Mainz 1976) 233-36; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to William Abbott Oldfather: Three Unpublished Letters,” CJ 72 (1976/77) 115-27; “Seventeen Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Eduard Fraenkel,” HSCP 81 (1977) 275-297; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to James Loeb: Two Unpublished Letters,” ICS 2 (1977) 315-332; “Nauck to Wilamowitz: Three Letters,” GRBS 18 (1977) 375-385“Wilamowitz to Zeller: Two Letters,” GRBS 19 (1978) 177-184; “Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Theodor and Heinrich Gomperz,” Philologus 122 (1978) 289-301; “Wilamowitz on Demosthenes,” CW 72 (1978/79) 239-240; “B. L. Gildersleeve and Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff: New Documents,” AJP 99 (1978) 1-11; “The Correspondence of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff with Werner Jaeger,” HSCP 82 (1978) 303-347; “The Correspondence of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff with Sir James George Frazer,” (with Robert Ackerman)  PCPSy 204 (1978) 31-40; “The Correspondence of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff with Edward Fitch,” HSCP 83 (1979) 369-96; “Vier Briefe Jacob Bernays’ an Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff,” (with Hermann Funke) RhM NF 122 (1979) 260-67; “The Dedication of Aristoteles und Athen,” Quaderni di storia 9 (1979) 267-269; “Chronik der Familie des Freiherrn von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff ,” Quaderni di storia 10 (1979) 197-223; “The Riddle of Wilamowitz’s Phaidrabild,” GRBS20 (1979) 219-236; “The Berlin Graeca: a Further Note,” GRBS 20 (1979) 393-400; “The Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Julius Stenzel,” A&A 25 (1979) 83-96; “A Reconstruction of Euripides, Philoctetes, Greek Numismatics and Archaeology: Essays in Honor of Margaret Thompson, edd. Otto Morkholm and Nancy M. Waggoner (Wetteren 1979) 53-62 with plates 3 and 4; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff on Sophocles: A Letter to Sir Herbert Warren,” CSCA 12 (1979) 51-63; “Wilamowitz on Schliemann,” Philologus 124 (1980) 146-151; “The Credo of a New Generation: Paul Friedländer to Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff,” A&A 6 (1980) 90-102; “The Spurned Doxy: An Unnoticed Topos in English Academic Autobiography,” CW 73 (1979/80) 305-306; “Doceat mortuus vivos: in Quest of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff,” Emerita 48 (1980) 209-227; “A. E. Housman, ‘Epithalamium’ (L-P 24),” CML 2 (1981) 25-31; “Adolf Erman to Wilamowitz on Mommsen’s Politics,” Quaderni di storia 14 (1981) 151-57; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff: An Unpublished Latin Autobiography,” A&A 27 (1981) 34-51; “The Anti-Periklean Intent of Aeschylus’ Eumenides,” in Aischylos und Pindar, ed. E. G. Schmidt (Berlin 1981) 220-23; “Alexander’s House (Pausanias 8.32.1),” GRBS 23 (1982) 281-287; “The Wilamowitz-Nietzsche Struggle: New Documents and a Reappraisal,” Nietzsche-Studien 12 (1983) 214-254; “Werner Jaeger and Richard Harder: an Erklärung,” Quaderni di storia 17 (1983) 99-121; “The Oath ‘By Hera’ in Plato,” Melanges Edouard Delebecque, ed. Christian Froidefond (Aix-en-Provence 1983) 33-42; “Wilamowitz on Adolf Erman,” Quaderni di storia 18 (1983) 273-282; “Secreti loquimur. An Interpretation of Seneca’s Thyestes,” in Seneca Tragicus: Ramus Essays on Senecan Drama, ed. A. J. Boyle (Berwick, Australia 1983; published 1984) 184-98; “Gold for Bronze: Iliad 6.232-236,” Studies presented to Sterling Dow on his Eightieth BirthdayGreek Roman and Byzantine Monograph 10 (Durham 1984) 31-35; “A New Picture of Heinrich Schliemann,” in Myth, Scandal and History: The Heinrich Schliemann Controversy and a First Edition of the Mycenaean Diaryed. with David A. Traill (Detroit: Wayne State U. Press, 1986). 17-47“Schwester Hildegard von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Meine Erinnerungen beim Lesen der Erinnerungen meines Vaters,” Quaderni di storia 24 (1986) 121-6; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff on the Basel Greek Chair,” with Christhard Hoffmann, MH 43 (1986) 258-63; “The Nineteenth Century Rediscovery of Euripides,” GRBS 27 (1986) 334-430 “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Sospitator Euripidis," GRBS 27 (1986) 409-30; “The Riddle of Aeschylus, Persae,” in Athlon: Satura Grammatica in Honorem Francisci R. Adrados II, ed. P. Badenas de la Pena, A. Martinez Diez, M. E. Martinez- Fresneda, E. Rodriguez Monescillo (Madrid 1987) 129-34; “Vir bonus discendi peritus,” AJP 108 (1987) 168-71; “Golo Mann on Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff,” QS 26 (1987) 137-139; “Why did Wilamowitz leave Bonn? The New Evidence,” RhM 130 (1987) 366-84; “Fünf Briefe von Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff an Friedrich Leo,” inAntikerezeption, Antikeverhaltnis, Antikebegegnung in Vergangenheit & Gegenwart. Eine Aufsatzsammlung III, ed. J. Dummer and M. Kunze (Stendal 1983; published 1988) 723-32; “Eva Sachs on Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff,” ICS 13.1 (1988) 203-16; “Wilamowitz’ Bimillenary Essay on Vergil,” Vergilius 34 (1988) 112-15; “The Authenticity of Seneca, Thyestes 336-338,” Mnemosyne VS 4,42 (1989) 107-109; “A Little Garden Little Jowett Made,” AN&Q n.s. 2 (1989) 50-2; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff on the Importance of Greek for England,” Liverpool Classical Monthly 14.4 (1989) 51-53; “The Members of Wilamowitz’ Graeca,” QS 29 (1989) 133-9; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Sir Alfred Zimmern on the Reality of Classical Athens,’ Philologus 133 (1989) 303-309; “Ein Heide im Gesprach mit einem Christen: Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorffs Briefwechsel mit Adolf Julicher,” (with Alexander Kosenina) ZKG 100 (1989) 85-100; “‘Credo gegen Credo, Arbeit gegen Arbeit, Anschauung gegen Anschauung:’ Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff contra Eduard Meyer,” in Eduard Meyer(Leiden 1990) 41-73; “Apocolocyntosis: The Biographers and the Archaeologists,” Schliemann nach 100 Jahren,(Frankfurt am Main 1990) 360-78; “The Later Letters of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff to Michael I. Rostovzev,” Philologus 134 (1990) 248-53; “Poesie, Philologie und Politik: Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorffs (1848-1931) Briefwechsel mit Robert Friedlaender (1874-1950)” (with Alexander Kosenina) A&A 6 (1990) 163-86; “What did Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff learn from Otto Jahn?,” in Otto Jahn (1813-1869): Ein Geistes-wissenschaftler zwischen Klassizismus und Historismus (ed. with Hubert Cancik & Bernhard Kytzler) (Stuttgart 1991)195- 203; “Jane Harrison’s Failed Candidacies for the Yates Professorship (1888, 1896): What Did Her Colleagues Think of Her?,” in The Cambridge Ritualists ReconsideredIllinois Classical Studies: Supplement Volume 2 (1991) 37-59; “How did Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff read a Text?” CJ 86 (1990/91) 344-52; “Die Rolle Friedrich Althoffs bei den Bemfungen von Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff,” in Wissenschaftsgeschichte und Wissenschaftspolitik im Industriezeitalter: Das 'System Althoff’ in historischer Perspektive, ed. Bernhard vom Brocke (Hildesheim: Olms, 1991) 251-66; “The Tale of Oblomov: Tycho von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff (1885-1914),” (with Anton Bierl) Eikasmos 2 (1991) 257-83; “Instinct against Proof: The Correspondence between Ulrich von Wilamowitz- Moellendorff and Martin P. Nilsson on Religionsgeschichte (1920-1930)” (with Anton Bierl) Eranos 89 (1991) 73-99; “The German Reception of J. G. Frazer: An Unpublished Document,” (with Dietrich Ehlers) Quaderni di storia 33 (1991) 135-43; “Wilamowitz to Max Pohlenz on Eduard Schwartz” (with Dietrich Ehlers) AJP 112 (1991) 111-14; “Geschichtsschreibung als ' Mythisierung der Vergangenheit: Eine ungedruckte Korrespondenz zwischen Ricarda Huch und Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff” (with Alexander Kosenina) Studien der Ricarda-Huch-Gesellschaft 3 (1991) 107-113; “12 March 1921: The Berlin Appointment,” in Werner Jaeger Reconsidered, ICS Supplement Volume 3 (1992) 1-24; “The Refugee Classical Scholars in the USA: An Evaluation of their Contribution,” ICS 17 (1992) 153-73; “The Unpublished American Diaries of Heinrich Schliemann (1865; 1867-68),” in Heinrich SchliemannGrundlagen und Ergebnisse moderner Archäologie 100 Jahre nach Schliemanns Tod, ed. Joachim Herrmann (Berlin 1992) 23-8; “Friedrich Nietzsche, Abriß der Geschichte der Beredsamkeit: A New Edition” (with Anton Bierl) Nietzsche-Studien 21 (1992) 363-89; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff on Wilhelm Dilthey: His Letters to Georg Misch (1914-1928),” (with Sven Rugullis) ICS 17 (1992) 337-45; “Nuda Veritas: William Abbott Oldfather on Classics at Columbia,” ICS 18 (1993) 359-78; ‘“Aquila in Nubibus’: Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff in his Letters to Eduard Norden (1893-1931),” in Eduard Norden (1868-1941): Ein deutscher Gelehrter jüdischer Herkunft, ed. Bernhard Kytzler, Kurt Rudolph and Jorg Rüpke, Palingenesia 49 (Stuttgart 1994) 173-89; “Prussia and Holland: Wilamowitz and Two Kuipers,” with J.M. Bremer, Mnemosyne NS 4 (1994) 177-216; “Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff’s Obituary for Himself,” Philologus 138 (1994) 353-8; “Ulrich Graf von Gaure: The Origin of Wilamowitz’ Preoccupation with Drama,” in Orchestra Drama Mythos Bühne: Festschrift fur Hellmut Flashar anläßlich seines 65. Geburtstages, ed. Anton Bierl and Peter von Mollendorff (Stuttgart/Leipzig 1994) 371-6; “The Damnatio of Vergil in Th. Mommsen, Kaisergeschichte” (with Michael Armstrong), Vergilius 40 (1994) 85-92; “William Abbott Oldfather and the Preservation of German Influence in American Classics 1919-1933,” Altertumswissenschaft in den 20er Jahren: Neue Fragen und Impulse, ed. Hellmut Flashar (Stuttgart 1995) 403-21; “Dorothea Freifrau Hiller von Gaertringen, geb. von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff and Hermann von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff on their Father,” with Maximilian Braun Eikasmos 6 (1995) 297-308; “Aeschylus, Prometheus: A DDR Interpretation” in Worte, Bilder, Töne: Studien zur Antike und Antikerezeption Bernhard Kytzler zu Ehren, ed. Richard Faber and Bernd Seidensticker (Berlin 1996) 323-29; “The Seuthopolis Inscription IGBR 1731: a New Edition,” in Transitions to Empire: Essays in Greco-Roman History, 360-146 B. C., in honor of E. Badian, ed. Robert W. Wallace and Edward M. Harris (Norman 1996) 167-78; “Drei Briefe Wilhelm Diltheys an Ulrich von Wilamowitz- Moellendorff (1908-1910),” in Polyhistor: Studies in the History and Historiography of Ancient Philosophy Presented to Jaap Mansfeld on his Sixtieth Birthday, ed. Keimpe A. Algra, Pieter W. van der Horst, and David T. Runia (Leiden 1996) 407-17; “What Wemer Krenkel and the DDR Taught Me about Antiquity” in Satura Lanx: Festschrift für Werner A. Krenkel zum 70. Geburtstag, ed. Claudia Klodt (Hildesheim, 1996) 1-9; ‘“Tell it Hitler! Ecco!’: Paul Friedländer on Werner Jaeger’s Paideia," with Maximilian Braun, Quaderni di storia 43 (1996) 211-48; “Prussia and Holland: Wilamowitz and the Two Kuipers, A Postscript” (with J.M. Bremer) Mnemosyne NS 4, 49 (1996) 191-5; “Wissenschaftlergeschichte als Wissenschaftsgeschichte,” Das Altertum 42 (1997) 245-56; ‘“Tripe and Garbage:’ William Abbott Oldfather on the Limits of Research,” in Qui Miscuit Utile Dulci: Festschrift Essays for Paul Lachan MacKendrick, ed. Gareth Schmeling and Jon D. Mikalson (Wauconda,IL, 1997) 87-93; “Deutsche Philologen im amerikanischen Exil—Eine Analyse ihrer Wirkungen,” Philologus 141 (1997) 275-96; “Hermann Diels, the Gomperzes and Wilamowitz: A Postscript,” with Max Braun, Quaderni di Stoeria 45 (1997) 173-84; “A Believer’s History of the Literature of Ancient Greece: Carl Otfried Müller 150 Years Later,” in Zwischen Rationalismus und Romantik: Karl Otfried Müller und die antike Kultur, ed. with Renate Schlesier (Hildesheim 1998) 123-50; “Die Agamemnonmaske echt oder...?,” Mitteilungen aus dem Heinrich-Schliemann-Museum Ankershagen 8, 5 (1997; publ. 1998) 81-4; “The Rediscovery of Seneca Tragicus at the End of the Twentieth Century,” in Imperium Romanum Studien zu Geschichte und Rezeption: Festschrift fir Karl Christ zum 75. Geburtstag, edited by Peter Kneissl and Volker Losemann (Stuttgart 1998) 73-82; “Hermann Diels: What Sort of Fellow Was He ?,” in Herman Diels (1848-1922) et la science de l'Antiquité: Vandœuvres-Genève, 17-21 août 1998 : huit exposés suivis de discussions, ed. with Jaap Mansfield, Alex Leukart, François Paschoud, Olivier Reverdin (Geneva-Vandoeuvres: Fondation Hardt, 1999) 1-28; “A Lost Letter of Diels to Wilamowitz on the Athenaion politeia” (with Stephan Heilen) ICS 26 (2001) 163-7; “Wilamowitz's Correspondence with British Colleagues,” Polis 19 (2002) 125-43; “C. M. Bowra on W. S. Barrett: an Unpublished Testimonium,” GRBS 45 (2005) 213-17; “Briefe und Postkarten von Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff an Paul Wendland 1886 bis 1915,” ed. with Björn Biester, Quaderni di storia 31 (2005) 137-99; “Notes of Wilamowitz' Course on Pindar: Berlin 1900/01: a First Edition,” with Helmut Loeffler, ICS 31-2 (2006-7) 145-205; “David E. Pingree: an Unpublished Autobiography,” with Stephan Heilen, GRBS 47 (2007) 515-23; “Der Briefwechsel Werner Jaegers mit Carl Heinrich Becker (1918-1932).” with Martin Schrage, Philologus 153,2 (2009) 310-48.

    Controversiae, Res Scholasticae: “The Teaching of Classics to Beginners,” Independent Schools Education Board: Annual Report for 1961-1962 (Milton, Massachusetts 1962) 50-53; “Angry Young Men on a Dolphin,” CW 56 (1962/63) 4,7; “Die klassische Philologie in den Vereinigten Staaten,” Das Altertum 14 (1968) 45-55; “Teaching Elementary Ancient Languages,” CO 45 (1968) 73-74; 88-90; “Research Opportunities in the Modern History of Classical Scholarship,” CW74 (1980/81) 241-251; “A Scholar's First Article," CW 77 (1983-4) 361-6; "A Word on Scholarly Wills," ASCS Newsletter (Spring 1986) 14; "Bierl-Calder-Fowler on O'Donnell on Bierl-Calder-Fowler," with Anton Bierl and Robert Fowler, BMCR 3 (1992) 244-7;  Letter to the Editor on Socrates and Colby, Lingua Franca (April 1988); "Wissenschaftsgeschichte: the Perils and the Pleasures," LEC n.s. 17 (1998) 435-7. 

    Kleine Schriften: Studies in the Modern History of Classical ScholarshipAntiqua 27 (Naples 1984); Men in their Books: Studies in the Modern History of Classical Scholarship, edited by John P. Harris and R. Scott Smith, Spudasmata 67 (Hildesheim 1998).

  • Notes:

    William M. Calder III, the grandson of a United States Senator, was one of nine members of the Harvard Class of 1954 who became professional classicists. His uneasy relationship with some members of the Harvard classics department led him to finish his graduate studies at the University of Chicago, and he advanced from assistant to full professor at Columbia before his search for a climate more forgiving of his asthma led him first to Colorado and then to the Midwest. Shortly after his retirement from the University of Illinois in 2012, the rapid onset of dementia clouded the final decade of his life.

    Calder’s scholarship began conventionally, with short notes on problems in Greek tragedy and an epigraphical monograph. Tenure at Columbia gave him the freedom to develop his interest in the history of classical scholarship, and in a series of publications extending over forty years he brought that history, and especially the German tradition of Altertumswissenschaft, into the conversation of American classicists. He grounded the history of scholarship in biography, in archival research and the publication of documents, and in a vision of scholarship as a heroic pursuit. His archetypal hero was Wilamowitz, and it is regrettable that his final illness prevented him from completing a long-planned biography of the Prussian scholar. 

    Calder once remarked to a student, “If you can’t tell the truth, or at least annoy people, what’s the point of writing?” and in the small world of professional classics, his dedication to the twin aims of truth and provocation made him a polarizing figure. The many Festschriften and volumes dedicated to him attest to his influence as a mentor and teacher. His students remember an inspiring, and often very amusing, teacher whose dedication to the philological traditions of Altertumswissenschaft was evident. 

  • Sources:

    Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 21 October 2022, Grant Calder, personal knowledge.

  • Author: Lee T. Pearcy, Ward Briggs