All Scholars

CROISET, Maurice

  • Image
  • Date of Birth: November 20, 1846
  • Born City: Paris
  • Born State/Country: France
  • Parents: Paul Croiset, teacher at Lycée Saint-Louis & wife
  • Date of Death: February 15, 1935
  • Death City: Paris
  • Death State/Country: France
  • Education:

    Study at Lycée Saint-Louis; École normale supérieure; D.Litt., Sorbonne, 1874.

  • Dissertation:

    "Les idées morales dans l’éloquence politique de Démosthène" (D.Litt., Sorbonne, 1874).

  • Professional Experience:

    Teacher, Lycée de Moulins; chair of rhetoric, Lycée de Montpellier; prof. Greek, Faculté des lettres, Montpellier, 1876-91; lecturer, École normale supérieure, 1891-3; prof. Greek, Collège de France, 1893-30; administrator, 1911-29; member Association pour l’encouragement des études grecques, 1873; member, Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1903; founder, Les Belles Lettres publishing company, 1917; founder president, Association Guillaume Budé, 1918; Grand Officer, Legion d’honneur.

  • Publications:

    Des idées morales dans l’éloquence politique de Démosthène (Paris: Thorn, 1874); Essai sur la vie et les oeuvres de Lucien (Paris: Hachette, 1882);Histoire de la littérature grecque, with Alfred Croiset 4 vols. (Paris: 1887-99; 3rd ed. 1910); Aristophane et les partis politiques à Athènes (Paris: Fontemoing, 1906); Platon Oeuvres completes (trans.)vol. 1 (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1920); La civilization Hellénique (1922, 1932); Démosthène, Harangues (trans.) 2 vols. (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1924-5); La Civilisation hellénique: aperçu historique (Paris: Payot, 1926); Eschyle: études sur l’invention dramatique dans son théâtre (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1928); Oedipe-Roi de Sophocle: étude et analyse (Paris: Mellotté, 1931); La Civilisation de la Grèce antique (Paris: Payot, 1932); La Republique de Platon: étude et analyse (Paris: Mellotté, 1946) REV.: LAC 16 (1947) 147-8 Des Places.

  • Notes:

    Croiset was educated at the Lycée where his father was a teacher. He and his older brother Alfred (1845-1923) showed interest and ability in philology early on and often worked on projects together. At the École normal supérieure he was a student of the philosopher Jules Lachelier (1832-1918), the classicist Gaston Boissier (1823-1908), and the Hellenist Jules Girard (1825-1902). He published on a wide range of Greek and Roman topics, including numerous articles on Greek and Latin antiquities to the Dictionaire des antiquités grecques (Daremberg-Saglio). He published editions of Plato, Demosthenes and Sophocles. With his brother he published a history of Greek literature that ran to three editions. He founded the publishing company of Les Belles Lettres which under Croiset’s presidency of the Association Guillaume Budé, would publish the Budé series of classical texts, to which he contributed volumes on Plato, and Demosthenes. At the age of 89 he was working on an extended study of Plato’s Republic, which appeared posthumously. 

  • Sources:

    G. Colin, Revue historique 176 (1935) 165-9; A. Lefranc, Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres 35 (1928) 518-26; P. Mazon, RP 9 (1935) 125-9; A. Pusch, Bullétin Budé, Suppl. Critique 47 (1935) 3-9; P. Trèves, La Culture 14 (1935) 57-61; Edmond Faral, Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres 88 (1944) 78-101.

  • Author: Ward Briggs