All Scholars

CUSPINIANUS, Johannes

  • Image
  • Date of Birth: 1473
  • Born City: Schweinfurt
  • Born State/Country: Germany
  • Date of Death: April 15, 1529
  • Death City: Vienna
  • Death State/Country: Austria
  • Education:

    Study at Leipzig, Würzburg.

  • Professional Experience:

    Prof. medicine, Vienna, 1473-1529; rector, 1500; dean of faculty of medicine (interim 1500-11); royal superintendent, 1501-27; imperial town-councilor, Vienna, 1512; prefect, 1515. 

  • Publications:

    Dionysius Periegetes, De Situ orbis (Vienna, 1508); Lucii Flori Libri historiarum quattuor (Vienna, 1511); Panaegyrici variorvm avtorvm et declamationes nonnvllae perqvam ervditae, hactenvs non impressae ... (Vienna, 1513); Oratio proreptica Ioannis Cuspiniani ad sacri Ro. Imp. Principes et proceres, ut bellum suscipiant contra Turcum cum description conflictus, nuper in Hungaria fecit, quo periit Rex Hungariae Ludovicus, ed. Johannes Singrenius (Vienna, 1526)De Caesaribus atque imperatoribus Romanis opus insigne (Strassburg, 1540); Ioannis Cvspiniani Viri Clarissimi, Poetae et Medici, Ac Divi Maximiliani Avgvsti Oratoris, de Caesaribus atq[ue] Imperatoribus Romanis opus insigne: Dedicatio Operis Ad Invictissimum Imperatorem Carolvm Quintum, Per Christophorum Scheurle I.V.D.; Vita Ioannis Cvspiniani, Et De Vtilitate huius Histori[a]e, per D. Nicolaum Gerbelium Iureconsultum (Strassburg, 1540); De consulibus Romanorum commentarii, ex optimis vetustissimusque auctoribus collecti (Frankfurt, 1552;); Oratio protreptica qua christiani ad bellum Turcicum excitantur (Frankfurt, 1598); Johann Cuspinians Briefwechsel, ed. Hans Ankwicz-Kleehoven (Munich: C.H. Beck, 1933).

  • Notes:

    Born as Johann Spiesshaymer to a wealthy family, which gave him the means to travel Europe and acquire a substantial collection of manuscripts. He was associated with the Austro-Hungarian humanists of Conrad Celtis’s Sodalitas litteraria Danubiana. Following the publication of his edition of Florus, he accepted diplomatic assignments in Bohemia, Poland, and Hungary, During a subsequent visit to Hungary (1525-6) he wrote an essay on the tensions between the Hungarians and the Turks and an account of the Battle of Mohács (29 August 1526), a victory for Suleiman the Magnificent (1494-1566) and his Ottoman Empire that resulted in the partitioning of Hungary between the Turks, the Hapsburgs, and Transylvania. Following that excursion, her returned o his professorship, his collecting and his editing texts on Roman history to follow his edition of Florus. 

  • Sources:

    K. Haselbach, Johann Caspinian als Staatsmann und Gelehrter (Vienna, 1868); Horawitz, ADB 4 (1876) 662-4; Aschbach, Geshichte der Wiener Universität (1877) 2:284-309; Christian Gastgeber, Iohannes Cuspinianus: ein Wiener Humanist und sein Werk im Kontext (Vienna: Praesens Verlag, 2013); Gábor Bradács, Christian Muslim Relations; A Bibliographic History ed. David Thomas & John Chesworth (Leiden: Brill, 2015) 7:141-6.

  • Author: Ward Briggs