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DIDOT, François

  • Image
  • Date of Birth: April14,1689
  • Born City: Paris
  • Born State/Country: France
  • Parents: Denis Didot, a printer, & wife.
  • Date of Death: November 2, 1757
  • Death City: Paris
  • Death State/Country: France
  • Professional Experience:

    Bookseller and printer, 1713; Syndic of Booksellers Corporation, 1735; Printer’s charter from king, 1754.

  • Notes:

    Didot was the first of four generations of important Parisian printers and publishers. His father owned a small printshop where François began his career as an apprentice. Eventually he opened a printing and publishing house of his own, À la Bible d’or, on the Quais des Grands-Augustins in Paris. His most important publication was the Histoire des voyages (1746-59), in 20 vols., the first 17 by his friend the Abbé Prévost (1697-1763). It was notable for its impeccable typography and elaborate illustrations. He published notable editions of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Xenophon, and Polybius, among others. His son François-Ambroise (1730-1804) was influenced by the modern pseudoclassical type designs of John Baskerville (1706-75), as was Giambattista Bodoni (1740-1813) at the Vatican. François-Ambroise created a Didot font that neoclassical serif of high contrast. He also introduced the Didot system of 72 points to the pre-metric French inch of type. Each point was called a “Didot” and was the standard throughout Europe and America. Throughout its history the Didot house produced important and impeccable editions of classical authors.

  • Sources:

    EG 1 24 (1833) 541-4; Edmond Werdet, Bibliographiques sur la famille des Didots (Paris: E. Dentu,1864).

  • Author: Ward Briggs