All Scholars

DOMASZEWSKI, Alfred von

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  • Date of Birth: October 30, 1856
  • Born City: Temesvár
  • Born State/Country: Hungary
  • Date of Death: March 25, 1927
  • Death City: Munich
  • Death State/Country: Germany
  • Education:

    Study in Vienna, 1876-9; matura with distinction, 1875; with Karl Humann in Asia Minor;  Ph.D. Vienna,1882; Phil. habil., 1885.

  • Dissertation:

    “Die Fahnen im römischen Heere” (phil. habil., Vienna,1885; printed at Abh. des Archäologisch-Epigraphischen Seminars der Universität Wien 5 (1885) 1-80.

  • Professional Experience:

    Teaching exams, 1879, probationer, 1880-1; substitute teacher, Akademisches Gymnasium, Vienna, 1881-2; deputy assistant, Königliche Museen, Berlin,1882-4; Berlin academy 1882; adjunct curator, Gymnasium professor, Vienna, 1886; adjunct curator, Antiquities Collection, Imperial Household, Vienna, 1884; privatdozent, Heidelberg, 1886-7; extraordinarius, 1887-1900; ordinarius, 1900-25; dean,1900-1 & 1918-19; royal councillor, 1902; privy councillor, 1912.

  • Publications:

    Die Religion des römischen Heeres (1895); Die Rangordnung des römischen Heeres (1907); “Die Rangordnung des römischen Heeres,” Bonn. Jahrb. 117 (1908); Geschichte der römischen Kaiser, 2 vols. (Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer, 1909; 1922); Inscriptiones Germaniae inferiores (ed.), CIL 13 (1899); Abhandlungen zur römischen Religion (1909; repr. 1977); De topographie Roms bei den Scriptores historiae augustae (Heidelberg: Winter, 1916); Die Daten der Scriptores historia augustae von Severus Alexander bis Carus (Heidelberg: Winter, 1917); Die personennamen bei den Scriptores historiae augustae (Heidelberg: Winter, 1918); Zeitgeschichte bei römischen Elegikern (Heidelberg: Winter, 1919); Der Staat bei den Scriptores historiae augustae (Heidelberg: Winter, 1920); Die attische Politik in der Zeit der Pentekontaetie (Heidelberg: Winter, 1925); Die Phalangen Alexanders und Caesars Legionem (Heidelberg: Winter, 1926).

  • Notes:

    Domaszewski received his early education in Vienna, graduating from its gymnasium in 1875. Following two years of military service, he bolstered his interest in philology with studies in epigraphy and archaeology at Vienna under Otto Benndorf and Otto Hirschfeld. In 1882 the Berlin Academy of Sciences sent him as philologist-historian to Smyrna with the archaeologist Carl Humann (1839-96) to complete a detailed examination of the Monumentum Ancyrana, later published by Theodor Mommsen with Domaszewski’s assistance. His military service along with his archaeological work may have piqued the interest in the Roman army that resulted in his habilitation thesis and his subsequent works on the Roman army.

  • Sources:

    W. Kubitschek, AWAW 77 (1927) 279-97; bibl.297-308; BBJ 61 (1935) 115-43; Harold Hofmann, Jahresbericht über die Forstschritte der klassische Altertumswissenschaft (1935) 115-43; Martina Pesditschek, Brill, 157-8.

  • Author: Ward Briggs