All Scholars

ERASMUS, Desiderius

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  • Date of Birth: October 28, 1466
  • Born City: Rotterdam
  • Born State/Country: Holland
  • Parents: Roger Gerard & Margareta Boeckel (unmarried).
  • Date of Death: July 12, 1536
  • Death City: Basel
  • Death State/Country: Switzerland
  • Education:

    Gouda 1473-8; Latin school of St. Lebuinus, Deventer, 1478-84; ‘s-Hertogenbosch1484-7; Augustinian monastery, Steyn, 1487-92.

  • Professional Experience:

    Ordained 1492.

  • Publications:

    Adagiorum collectanea (Paris, 1500 and often); Enchiridion militis Christiani (Antwerp, 1503); Adagiorum chiliades (Venice, 1508);Moriae encomium sive stultitiae laus (Paris,1509); Stultitiae Laus (1511); De duplici copia verborum ac rerum (Paris, 1512); De utraque verborum et rerum copia (1512); Plutarch (1514); Sileni Alcibiadis (1515); Seneca(1515); Istituto principis Christiani (Basel, 1516); Novum Instrumentum omne (Basel, 1516; later editions known as Novum Testamentum); Querela pacis undique gentium eiectae profligataeque (Basel, 1516); Scriptores historiae Augustaeand Suetonius (1517); Familiarium colloquiorum formulae, et alia quaedam (Basel, 1518; first authorized ed., Leuven, 1519); Curtius Rufus (1518); Cicero, de. Off, Cato, Laelius, Tusc. Disp., Parad. (1519- 1523); Antibarbarorum liber unus (1520); Cyprianus (1520); Delibero arbitrio diatribe sive collatio (Basel, 1524); Ciceronianus sive de optimo dicendi genere dialogus (Basel, 1528); De recta Latini Graecique sermonis pronuntiatone (1528); Aristoteles (1531); Terence(1532); Ptolemaios (ed. princeps, 1533); De sarcienda ecclesiae concordia (Basel, 1533); Ecclesiastes,sive de ratione concionandi libri (Basel,1535).

    Collected WorksOpera omnia (Basel: 1538-40); Erasmi opera omnia, ed. J. Clericus 10 vols. (Louvain,1703-6); D.E. Ausgewahlte Werke (ed. by H. Holborn, 1933, Cp. R. Pfeiffer, in GN 12 (1936) 625-634); Opus epistularum, ed. P.A. Allen, 12 vols. (Oxford, 1906-1958; repr. 1992); Opera omnia Erasmi (Amsterdam 1969- ); Collected Works of Erasmus (Toronto & London, 1974-2020). 

  • Sources:

    F.C. Hoffmann, Essai d'une liste d'ouvrages et dissertations concernant la vie et les ecrits d'Erasme 1518-1866, (1886); *Kamel* in ADB 6 (1877) 160-180, 24 (1895) 784 f; A.D. White, Library of the World's Best Literature IX (1897) 5509-5522; H. Schlingensiepen, "E. als Exeget" in his Kirchengeschichte 48 (1929) 16-57; J. Huizinga, Erasmus (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1924); R. Pfeiffer, Humanitas Erasmiana in Stud. BibliothekWarburg 22 (1931); E.K. Rand, Horace and the Spirit of Comedy, (Lecture 3 deals with Erasmus) in the Rice Institute Pamphlet, vol. XXIV 2 (1937), Houston, Tex.; 0. Kluge, "Die Antike in der Bildungstheorie des Erasmus" in HG 47 (1936) 135-143; Erasmus damals und Beute (1936); Gedenkshcrift zum 400. Todestage des Erasmus (Basel, 1936) with contributions of P.S. Allen, B. Croce, D. Cantimori, J. Huizinga, R. Lichtenhan, E. Staehelin, R. Pfeiffer, A. Roersch, A. Rueggs; other Literature in GG s.v.; W.P. Eckert, Erasmus von Rotterdam. Werk und Wirkung, 2. vols., (Cologne; Wienand, 1967); R. Bainton, Erasmus of Christendom (New York: Scribner, 1969); R. Stupperich, Erasmus von Rotterdam und seine Welt, (New York: De Gruyter, 1977); J.-C. Margolin, Erasme (Paris: Ed. du Seuil, 1977); C. Augustin, Erasmus von Rotterdam (Baam: Ambo,1986); L.-E. Halkin, Erasme parmi nous, (Paris: Rayard, 1987); R.J. Schoeck, Erasmus of Europe: The Prince of Humanists,1501-1536, 2 vols. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1990-3); J. McConica, Erasmus (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991); H. Vredeveld, “The Ages of Erasmus and the Year of His Birth,” Renaissance Quarterly 46 (1993) 754-809; L. Jardine, Erasmus, Man of Letters. The Construction of Charisma in Print (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993); E. Rummel, Erasmus on Women (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996); J.D. Tracy, Erasmus of the Low Countries, (Berkeley: University of California Pres, 1996); E. Rummel, Erasmus, (New York: Continuum, 2004); P.G. Bietenholz et al., “Erasmus von Rotterdam,” Deutscher Humanismus 1480-1520Verfasserlexikon, ed. F.J. Worstbrock (Berlin & Boston: De Gruyter, 2009) 1: 658-808; W. Ribhegge, Erasmus von Rotterdam (Darmstadt: Primus, 2010) 

    Portrait: After an engraving by Wm. Marschall.

  • Author: Ward Briggs